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Table 1 Grades of the dental health component of the index of orthodontic treatment need

From: Prevalence of malocclusions, oral habits and orthodontic treatment need in a 7- to 15-year-old schoolchildren population in Tirana

Grade   Description
Grade 5 Very great Defects of cleft lip and/or palate; increased overjet greater than 9 mm; reverse overjet greater than 3.5 mm with reported masticatory or speech difficulties; impeded eruption of teeth (with the exception of third molars) due to crowding, displacement, the presence of supernumerary teeth, retained primary teeth and any other pathological cause; extensive hypodontia with restorative implication (more than one tooth missing in any quadrant) requiring pre-restorative orthodontics
Grade 4 Great Increased overjet greater than 6 mm but less than or equal to 9 mm; reverse overjet greater than 3.5 mm with no reported masticatory or speech difficulties; reverse overjet greater than 1 mm but less than or equal to 3.5 mm with reported masticatory or speech difficulties; anterior or posterior crossbites with greater than 2 mm displacement between retruded contact position and intercuspal position; posterior lingual crossbites with no occlusal contact in one or both buccal segments; severe displacement or teeth greater than 4 mm; extreme lateral or anterior open bite greater than 4 mm; increased and complete overbite causing notable indentation on the palate or labial gingivae; patient referred by colleague for collaborative care, e.g. periodontal, restorative or TMJ considerations; less extensive hypodontia requiring pre-restorative orthodontics or orthodontic space closure to obviate the need for a prosthesis (not more than one tooth missing in any quadrant)
Grade 3 Moderate Increased overjet greater than 3.5 mm but less than or equal to 6 mm with incompetent lips at rest; reverse overjet greater than 1 mm but less than or equal to 3.5 mm; increased and complete overbite with gingival contact but without indentations or signs of trauma; anterior or posterior crossbites with less than or equal to 2 mm but greater than 1 mm displacement between retruded contact position and intercuspal position; moderate lateral or anterior open bite greater than 2 mm but less than or equal to 4 mm; moderate displacement of teeth greater than 2 mm but less than or equal to 4 mm
Grade 2 Little Increased overjet greater than 3.5 mm but less than or equal to 6 mm with competent lips at rest; reverse overjet greater than 0 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm; increased overbite greater than 3.5 mm with no gingival contact; anterior or posterior crossbites with less than or equal to 1 mm displacement between retruded contact position and intercuspal position; small lateral or anterior open bites greater than 1 mm but less than or equal to 2 mm; pre-normal or post-normal occlusions with no other anomalies; mild displacement of teeth greater than 1 mm but less than or equal to 2 mm
Grade 1 None Other variation in occlusion including displacement less than or equal to 1 mm