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Table 7 Prevalence and distribution of oral habits by gender

From: Prevalence of malocclusions, oral habits and orthodontic treatment need in a 7- to 15-year-old schoolchildren population in Tirana

Oral habits Males Females Chi-square test
  n(%) n(%) Chi-square P
Any habits 992 (78.9) 1,116 (82.1) 3.915 0.048
Finger 155 (12.3) 113 (8.3) 11.063 0.001
Pacifier 353 (28.1) 432 (31.8) 4.044 0.044
Mouth breathing 309 (24.6) 298 (21.9) 2.467 0.116
Atypical swallowing 80 (6.3) 99 (7.3) 0.721 0.396
Low tongue position 221 (17.6) 265 (19.5) 1.442 0.230
Lip interposition 42 (3.3) 63 (4.6) 2.502 0.114
Other habits 204 (16.2) 237 (17.4) 0.586 0.444