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Table 1 Summarised data of the six studies included in the meta-analysis

From: The diagnostic performance of dental maturity for identification of the circumpubertal growth phases: a meta-analysis

Study Ethnicity Investigated teeth Sample(s) size and mean age(s) in years (range or SD) Correlations between dental and cervical maturational stages Main diagnostic indications on specific dental maturational stages in the identification of the skeletal maturation phase Diagnostic usefulness of dental maturity in identification of skeletal maturity
Başaran et al. [23] Turkish Canine 295 M, 12.93 ± 1.91 Strict correlations along with differential behaviour of the teeth among the sexes Not reported Yes, for all of the skeletal maturation phases
   First premolar     
   Second premolar 295 F, 12.93 ± 1.91    
   Second molar     
Chen et al. [28] Chinese Canine 134 M, 8-16 Statistically significant correlations along with differential behaviour of the teeth among the sexes Stage G of the canine for males and stage F of the second molar for females might signify the beginning of the pubertal growth spurt in Chinese subjects Yes, for the onset of the pubertal growth spurt
   First premolar     
   Second premolar 168 F, 8-16    
   Second molar     
Sukhia and Fida [31] Pakistan Canine 147 M, 7-17 Statistically significant correlations along with differential behaviour of the teeth among the sexes Stage H of the first premolar in males and second molar stage G for females are mainly at CS3 Yes, for all of the skeletal maturation phases
   First premolar     
   Second premolar 233 F, 7-17    
   Second molar     
Różyło-Kalinowska et al. [30] Polish Canine 287 M, 6-17 Moderate but statistically significant correlations along with differential behaviour of the teeth among the sexes Not reported Yes, but only for an initial assessment
   First premolar     
   Second premolar 431 F, 6-17    
   Second molar     
Kumar et al. [29] Indian Second molar 137 M, 9-18 Large and highly significant correlations. Similarity between the sexes Up to stage E is mainly at CS2. Stages F and G are mainly at CS3 and CS4, and stage H is mainly at CS5 and CS6 Yes, for all of the skeletal maturation phases
    163 F, 9-18    
Perinetti et al. [20] Italian Canine 146 M, 7-17 High correlation coefficients with little differences between sexes and teeth Canine up to stage F and all the resting teeth up to stage E are mainly at CS1 and CS2. Second molar stage H is mainly CS5 or CS6 Little. Mainly for the pre-pubertal growth phase
   First premolar     
   Second premolar 208 F, 7-17    
   Second molar