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Table 4 Percentage distributions of the maturation stages of the mandibular first premolar among different growth phases

From: The diagnostic performance of dental maturity for identification of the circumpubertal growth phases: a meta-analysis

Growth phase Dental stage Başaran et al.[23] Chen et al.[28] Sukhia and Fida[31] Różyło-Kalinowska et al.[30] Perinetti et al.[20] Overall
Pre-pubertal D 4.2% 0 0.3% 0.1% 1.7% 0.8% (0.2-2.8)
E 8.5% 1.0% 7.9% 2.1% 15.8% 5.4% (2.6-10.8)
F 11.2% 13.2% 15.8% 8.4% 18.9% 13.1% (9.7-17.3)
G 5.8% 17.5% 13.9% 13.0% 14.1% 13.1% (9.7-17.3)
H 0.7% 7.9% 8.7% 10.7% 8.2% 6.5% (4.1-10.3)
Pubertal D 0 0 0 0 0 6.5% (4.1-10.3)
E 0.2% 0.3% 0.8% 0.1% 0.3% 6.5% (4.1-10.3)
F 1.0% 4.6% 4.7% 3.1% 2.0% 5.5% (2.6-11.2)
G 4.1% 18.9% 8.2% 10.2% 4.8% 8.1% (4.7-13.7)
H 24.9% 19.5% 33.7% 23.6% 13.8% 22.7% (17.5-28.8)
Post-pubertal D 0 0 0 0 0 6.5% (4.1-10.3)
E 0 0 0 0 0 6.5% (4.1-10.3)
F 0 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% (0.1-0.6)
G 0.7% 3.6% 5.0% 2.0% 1.7% 2.3% (1.2-4.2)
H 36.8% 12.9% 0.8% 26.4% 18.4% 15.6% (9.1-25.4)
  1. Percentage distributions were computed for the whole sample within each study. Overall percentage distributions are shown as means (95% CI).