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Table 8 Positive LHRs for maturation stages of the mandibular first premolar for diagnosis of different growth phases

From: The diagnostic performance of dental maturity for identification of the circumpubertal growth phases: a meta-analysis

Growth phase Dental stage Başaran et al.[23] Chen et al.[28] Sukhia and Fida[31] Różyło-Kalinowska et al.[30] Perinetti et al.[20] Overalla
Pre-pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E 104.5 (14.5-750.4) 4.6 (0.5-43.2) 11.5 (3.6-36.9) 28.5 (3.8-214.8) 39.3 (5.5-280.8) 21.5 (8.1-56.7)
F 23.0 (10.1-52.1) 4.0 (2.3-7.0) 3.6 (2.3-5.8) 4.8 (3.0-7.4) 5.9 (2.9-11.9) 5.8 (3.5-9.7)
G 2.5 (1.6-4.1) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 1.2 (0.1-1.7) 2.0 (1.6-2.6) 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 1.6 (1.2- 2.2)
H 0.0 (0.0-0.1) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 0.3 (0.2-0.4) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 0.2 (0.13-0.3) 0.2 (0.1-0.4)
Pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E 0.0 (0.0-0.3) 0.4 (0.0-4.1) 0.1 (0.0-0.4) 0.1 (0.0-0.9) 0.1 (0.0-0.5) 0.1 (0.0-0.2)
F 0.2 (0.1-0.5) 0.4 (0.3-0.8) 0.3 (0.2-0.5) 0.6 (0.4-1.0) 0.4 (0.2-0.8) 0.4 (0.3-0.6)
G 1.5 (0.9-2.4) 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 0.5 (0.3-0.7) 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 1.1 (0.7-1.9) 1.0 (0.9-1.2)
H 1.5 (1.4-1.7) 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 4.0 (2.9-5.4) 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 2.0 (1.6-2.5) 0.9 (0.5-1.8)
Post-pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E -- 0.2 (0.0-1.5) -- -- -- 0.2 (0.0-1.5)
F -- 0.1 (0.0-0.6) 0.2 (0.0-1.4) 0.1 (0.0-0.2) 0.1 (0.0-0.4) 0.1 (0.0-0.2)
G 0.1 (0.0-0.3) 0.5 (0.3-0.8) 3.5 (2.7-4.6) 0.2 (0.1-0.4) 0.4 (0.2-0.8) 0.4 (0.1-1.9)
H 2.4 (2.1-2.7) 2.3 (1.8-2.9) 0.3 (0.1-0.8) 1.9 (1.7-2.1) 3.3 (2.7-4.0) 2.2 (1.7-2.8)
  1. Data are presented as means (95% CI). aNull values and values equal to zero not included. The symbol ‘--’ represents null value indicating that no cases for the given maturational stage coincided with the corresponding growth phase. Values in italics denote an overall positive LHR of 10 or more.