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Table 9 Positive LHRs for maturation stages of the mandibular second premolar for diagnosis of different growth phases

From: The diagnostic performance of dental maturity for identification of the circumpubertal growth phases: a meta-analysis

Growth phase Dental stage Başaran et al.[23] Chen et al.[28] Sukhia and Fida[31] Różyło-Kalinowska et al.[30] Perinetti et al.[20] Overalla
Pre-pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E 19.6 (9.6-39.8) 7.6 (0.9-64.1) 4.5 (2.3-8.7) 10.0 (3.5-28.8) 12.8 (4.8-34.1) 9.8 (5.1-19.0)
F 5.5 (3.3-9.4) 2.7 (1.9-3.9) 2.2 (1.5-3.2) 2.7 (2.0-3.6) 3.3 (1.8-5.9) 2.9 (2.3-3.8)
G 0.4 (0.2-0.9) 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 1.1 (0.7-1.5) 1.3 (1.1-1.6) 0.4 (0.3-0.6) 0.8 (0.5-1.2)
H 0.0 (0.0-0.1) 0.3 (0.2-0.5) 0.2 (0.1-0.3) 0.2 (0.2-0.3) 0.1 (0.1-0.2) 0.1 (0.1-0.3)
Pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E 0.2 (0.1-0.5) 0.3 (0.0-2.2) 0.3 (0.1-0.6) 0.3 (0.1-0.9) 0.2 (0.1-0.6) 0.3 (0.2-0.4)
F 0.9 (0.5-1.5) 0.6 (0.4-0.8) 0.6 (0.4-0.8) 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 0.7 (0.5-0.9)
G 6.3 (3.5-11.3) 1.6 (1.2-2.1) 1.1 (0.8-1.6) 1.3 (1.0-1.5) 2.1 (1.5-3.0) 1.8 (1.2-2.8)
H 1.2 (1.1-1.4) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 2.7 (2.0-3.7) 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 1.8 (1.3-2.7) 0.8 (0.4-1.6)
Post-pubertal D -- -- -- -- -- --
E -- 0.2 (0.0-1.5) -- -- -- 0.2 (0.0-1.5)
F -- 0.3 (0.1-0.7) 0.2 (0.0-1.1) 0.1 (0.1-0.3) 0.2 (0.1-0.6) 0.2 (0.1-0.3)
G 0.2 (0.1-0.4) 0.5 (0.3-0.9) 0.4 (0.1-1.4) 0.5 (0.4-0.7) 1.3 (0.9-1.9) 0.5 (0.3-0.9)
H 3.1 (2.6-3.6) 3.3 (2.4-4.5) 2.7 (2.2-3.4) 2.9 (2.5-3.4) 4.5 (3.2-6.2) 3.1 (2.7-3.5)
  1. Data are presented as means (95% CI). aNull values and values equal to zero not included. The symbol ‘--’ represent null value indicating that no cases for the given maturational stage coincided with the corresponding growth phase. Values in italics denote an overall positive LHR of 10 or more.