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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the frictional forces (Newton)

From: Frictional resistance in monocrystalline ceramic brackets with conventional and nonconventional elastomeric ligatures

SENT (in.) CM (mm) Inspire Ice-CEL Inspire Ice-NCEL Radiance-CEL Radiance-NCEL Pure CEL Pure NCEL
   Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
0.12 1.5 0.177 0.028 0.045 0.005 0.147 0.021 0.029 0.013 0.100 0.025 0.059 0.011
  3.0 0.279 0.016 0.178 0.021 0.361 0.026 0.187 0.026 0.248 0.038 0.184 0.014
  4.5 0.362 0.033 0.212 0.025 0.467 0.041 0.279 0.054 0.327 0.031 0.236 0.026
  6.0 0.474 0.108 0.256 0.025 0.510 0.026 0.290 0.042 0.415 0.049 0.301 0.028
0.14 1.5 0.175 0.018 0.088 0.006 0.206 0.020 0.095 0.016 0.145 0.019 0.062 0.015
3.0 0.335 0.013 0.226 0.009 0.471 0.020 0.318 0.014 0.331 0.010 0.214 0.005
4.5 0.429 0.018 0.275 0.017 0.647 0.063 0.441 0.041 0.444 0.011 0.323 0.047
  6.0 0.496 0.024 0.354 0.027 0.773 0.113 0.481 0.106 0.422 0.056 0.348 0.028
  1. CM canine misalignment, SENT superelastic nickel titanium wire, CEL conventional elastomeric ligatures, NCEL nonconventional elastomeric ligatures.