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Table 1 Brands, manufacturing companies, configurations, and composition of various brackets used in this study

From: A new esthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composite resin archwire: a comparative atomic force microscope (AFM) and field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) study

Brand Manufacturer Configuration Composition
Gemini 3M Unitek, St. Paul, MN, USA True twin Stainless steel
Clarity 3M Unitek, St Paul, MN, USA True twin Polycrystalline metal-reinforced ceramic
Inspire Ice Ormco, Orange, CA, USA True twin Monocrystalline ceramic
SmartClip 3M Unitek, St Paul, MN, USA True twin Stainless steel
Self-ligating
  1. True-twin bracket configuration was selected with ceramic and stainless steel composition. The selection of bracket material composition (stainless steel and ceramic (polycrystalline and monocrystalline)) was deliberate in order to encompass brackets with the commonest material composition in this study.