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Table 1 Initial cephalometric values

From: Skeletal versus conventional intraoral anchorage for the treatment of class II malocclusion: dentoalveolar and skeletal effects

  MGBM Pendulum
Mean SD Mean SD
Aesthetical values (mm)     
 UL-E plane −1.8 1.5 −4.5 6.7
 LL-E plane −0.2 2.0 −2.0 2.3
Vertical skeletal values (°)     
 SN^PP 8.7 5.7 8.3 4.4
 SN^OL 19.3 1.9 19.8 4.3
 FMA 21.7 2.1 19.9 3.8
 Go-Me^PP 23.7 2.5 22.5 5.2
 ANS-Xi-Pm 43.3 3.1 40.2 3.4
 Ba-Na^Pt-Gn 87.4 2.9 89.5 0.2
Vertical skeletal values (mm)     
 ANS-Me 68.3 1.5 65.3 5.4
Sagittal skeletal values (°)     
 SNA 81.0 3.1 81.1 2.9
 SNB 76.4 2.3 77.4 2.5
 ANB 4.3 2.4 3.6 1.8
 FH^NPg 87.9 2.5 89.4 2.4
Sagittal skeletal values (mm)     
 PTV-A 53.4 3.1 55.6 2.7
 A-OLp 81.2 3.5 81.0 3.5
 PTV-B 60.2 3.3 50.6 2.7
 B-OLp 77.9 2.6 81.6 3.8
 Pg-OLp 84.9 2.7 85.6 3.3
 Co-OLp 9.6 3.0 10.0 3.4
 Pg-OLp + Co-OLp 94.4 3.3 92.0 2.6
Angular dental values (°)     
 SN^1.1 axis (central superior incisor) 103.8 6.9 103.2 8.3
 PP^1.1 axis (central superior incisor) 108.7 4.1 107.7 5.7
 SN^1.4 axis (first superior premolar) 84.6 6.3 84.0 4.5
 SN^1.6 axis (first superior molar) 67.9 6.3 66.9 5.1
 PP^1.6 axis (first superior molar) 75.6 4.8 77.6 5.7
 SN^1.7 axis (second superior molar) 56.5 4.7 60.8 7.1
 PP^1.7 axis (second superior molar) 64.1 6.0 65.2 6.1
 SN^1.8 axis (third superior molar) 37.1 9.1 38.0 8.7
Sagittal linear dental values (mm)     
 OLp-is 89.6 6.8 89.1 4.0
 PTV-11 CEJ 55.9 6.5 56.2 3.6
 OLp-ii 84.3 1.5 83.4 3.9
 Difference OLp-is - OLp-Ii (overjet) 5.7 5.2 5.7 2.4
 PTV-1.4 centroid 39.7 5.8 40.2 3.3
OLp-ms 58.0 2.0 57.3 3.2
 PTV-1.6 CEJ 22.5 6.1 22.9 2.9
 PTV-1.6 centroid 22.1 4.1 21.4 5.6
 PTV-1.7 CEJ 13.3 4.4 13.7 2.7
 PTV-1.7 centroid 12.4 4.3 13.1 3.0
 PTV-1.8 centroid 8.4 4.4 8.8 2.5
 OLp-mi 57.5 4.3 57.2 3.8
 PTV-4.6 CEJ 20.4 4.5 21.9 3.8
 OLp-ms - OLp-mi 0.2 4.4 0.8 2.0
Vertical linear dental values (mm)     
 PP-is 30.4 2.0 30.0 2.8
 PP-1.4 centroid 21.8 2.3 21.0 2.8
 PP-1.6 centroid 19.0 2.0 17.5 2.8
 PP-1.7 centroid 11.5 4.7 0.5 4.6
 PP-1.8 centroid −3.4 2.1 −0.7 3.3
 PM-4.6 centroid 29.6 6.5 27.1 2.4