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Table 4 Mean torque values

From: Optimal parameters for final position of teeth in space closure in case of a missing upper lateral incisor

  Mean (degree) SD (degree)
Torque U1 7.68 1.33
Torque U3 3.15 1.19
Torque U4 −8.18 2.31
Torque U5 −8.50 2.10
Torque U6 −15.30 4.94
Torque L1 −1.18 0.79
Torque L2 −1.40 0.81
Torque L3 −11.52 1.07
Torque L4 −17.45 1.33
Torque L5 −22.37 1.71
Torque L6 −32.15 3.41