Skip to main content

Table 5 Patient satisfaction assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) after 5 years since the completion of treatment

From: Missing upper incisors: a retrospective study of orthodontic space closure versus implant


Implant group

OSC group

P value

Mean ± SD

Mean ± SD

VAS scores

8.7 ± 1.3

8.8 ± 1.2


  1. OSC, orthodontic space closure; SD, standard deviation.