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Table 2 Differences between the DAS 59 and PIDAQ scores for patients and controls

From: Psychological impact of visible differences in patients with congenital craniofacial anomalies

Items Group Mean Standard deviation p value
General self-consciousness Cases 49.29*** 10.8 <0.001
Controls 21.84*** 3.2
Social self-consciousness Cases 58.23*** 14.17 <0.001
Controls 22.8*** 2.40
Sexual and bodily self-consciousness Cases 24.26*** 5.98 <0.001
Controls 8.77*** 2.09
Negative self-concept Cases 9.65*** 3.16 <0.001
Controls 16.91*** 1.17
Facial self-consciousness Cases 12.02*** 2.50 <0.001
Controls 4.66*** 1.06
Physical Cases 5.71*** 1.60 <0.001
Controls 2.65*** 0.99
Total DAS score Cases 159.16*** 31.54 <0.001
Controls 77.64*** 6.57
Dental self-confidence Cases 12.84*** 3.10 <0.001
Controls 11.11*** 2.91
Social impact Cases 7.2** 3.36 0.004
Controls 6.1** 1.72
Psychological impact Cases 6.33*** 2.86 <0.001
Controls 5.03*** 1.92
Aesthetic concern Cases 6.88*** 2.76 <0.001
Controls 5.28*** 1.62
Dental self-consciousness Cases 8.56*** 4.20 <0.001
Controls 6.65*** 1.99
Total PIDAQ score Cases 33.25*** 9.45 <0.001
Controls 27.52*** 5.67
  1. * correlation is significant at the 0.05 level.** correlation is significant at the 0.01 level.***correlation is significant at the 0.001 level.