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Table 3 Effect of gender on PIDAQ and DAS59 scores in patients

From: Psychological impact of visible differences in patients with congenital craniofacial anomalies

Domain Sex Mean Standard deviation Standard error mean p value
General self-consciousness Male 49.29 10.815 1.5 0.996
Female 49.3 10.998 1.555
Social self-consciousness Male 58.73 14.096 1.955 0.715
Female 57.7 14.379 2.033
Sexual and bodily self-consciousness Male 24.44 5.992 0.831 0.762
Female 24.08 6.037 0.854
Negative self-concept Male 9.52 3.032 0.421 0.68
Female 9.78 3.328 0.471
Facial self-consciousness Male 12.23 2.51 0.348 0.388
Female 11.8 2.507 0.355
Physical Male 5.85 1.638 0.227 0.372
Female 5.56 1.58 0.223
Total DAS Male 160.06 31.585 4.38 0.77
Female 158.22 31.799 4.497
Dental self-confidence Male 12.69 2.86 0.397 0.62
Female 13 3.369 0.476
Social impact Male 6.98 3.006 0.417 0.512
Female 7.42 3.709 0.525
Psychological impact Male 5.44*** 2.2 0.305 0.001
Female 7.26*** 3.18 0.45
Aesthetic concern Male 6.13** 2.385 0.331 0.005
Female 7.66** 2.939 0.416
Dental self-consciousness Male 8.17 4.218 0.585 0.348
Female 8.96 4.204 0.595
Total PIDAQ score Male 31.25* 7.963 1.104 0.028
Female 35.34* 10.458 1.479
  1. * correlation is significant at the 0.05 level.** correlation is significant at the 0.01 level.***correlation is significant at the 0.001 level.