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Table 4 Effect of gender on PIDAQ and DAS59 scores in controls

From: Psychological impact of visible differences in patients with congenital craniofacial anomalies

Domain Sex Mean Standard deviation Standard error mean p value
General self-consciousness Male 21.84 3.046 0.431 0.992
Female 21.85 3.438 0.477
Social self-consciousness Male 22.7 2.667 0.377 0.67
Female 22.9 2.135 0.296
Sexual and bodily self-consciousness Male 8.92 2.311 0.327 0.494
Female 8.63 1.869 0.259
Negative self-concept Male 16.98 1.22 0.173 0.566
Female 16.85 1.127 0.156
Facial self-consciousness Male 4.56 0.812 0.115 0.371
Female 4.75 1.266 0.176
Physical Male 2.58 0.883 0.125 0.506
Female 2.71 1.091 0.151
Total DAS Male 77.58 6.843 0.968 0.932
Female 77.69 6.379 0.885
Dental self-confidence Male 11.18 2.833 0.401 0.808
Female 11.04 3.016 0.418
Social impact Male 6 1.702 0.241 0.575
Female 6.19 1.749 0.243
Psychological impact Male 5.22 1.93 0.273 0.328
Female 4.85 1.914 0.265
Aesthetic concern Male 5.5 1.681 0.238 0.19
Female 5.08 1.557 0.216
Dental self-consciousness Male 6.84 1.707 0.241 0.34
Female 6.46 2.236 0.31
Total PIDAQ score Male 27.9 5.319 0.752 0.509
Female 27.15 6.024 0.835