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Table 3 Comparison of torque values measured for the two groups

From: Three-dimensional assessment of teeth first-, second- and third-order position in Caucasian and African subjects with ideal occlusion

Africans—torque Caucasians—torque Comparison
  n Mean Standard deviation n Mean Standard deviation t test p level
TORQUE U7 58 −12.79 10.11 60 −5.50 12.23 −3.54 <0.001
TORQUE U6 58 −10.98 9.75 60 −6.26 10.24 −2.56 0.013
TORQUE U5 58 −4.00 8.43 60 −3.54 6.42 −0.33 ns
TORQUE U4 58 −4.49 8.38 60 −5.35 5.64 0.65 ns
TORQUE U3 58 −2.03 7.95 60 −3.35 7.15 0.95 ns
TORQUE U2 58 7.41 8.14 60 6.23 6.31 0.88 ns
TORQUE U1 58 11.41 6.28 60 7.41 6.19 3.49 <0.001
TORQUE L7 58 −32.51 10.93 60 −33.26 11.69 0.36 ns
TORQUE L6 58 −23.50 9.57 60 −29.24 9.29 3.31 0.003
TORQUE L5 58 −11.39 8.52 60 −17.43 7.98 3.97 <0.001
TORQUE L4 58 −9.23 7.02 60 −14.96 7.69 4.23 <0.001
TORQUE L3 58 −1.95 7.49 60 −9.01 5.74 5.73 <0.001
TORQUE L2 58 5.50 8.26 60 −1.36 6.89 4.90 <0.001
TORQUE L1 58 9.68 9.18 60 2.19 7.11 4.94 <0.001
  1. ns not significant.