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Table 7 Comparison of our Caucasian torque values with those measured by Andrews

From: Three-dimensional assessment of teeth first-, second- and third-order position in Caucasian and African subjects with ideal occlusion

Caucasians—torque Andrews’ values Comparison
  n. Mean Standard deviation n Mean Standard deviation t test p level
TORQUE U7 60 −5.50 12.23 240 −8.10 5.63 1.60 ns
TORQUE U6 60 −6.26 10.24 240 −11.53 3.91 3.92 <0.001
TORQUE U5 60 −3.54 6.42 240 −8.78 4.13 6.02 <0.001
TORQUE U4 60 −5.35 5.64 240 −8.47 4.02 4.04 <0.001
TORQUE U3 60 −3.35 7.15 240 −7.25 4.21 4.05 <0.001
TORQUE U2 60 6.23 6.31 240 4.42 4.38 2.10 0.040
TORQUE U1 60 7.41 6.19 240 6.11 3.97 1.54 ns
TORQUE L7 60 −33.26 11.69 240 −36.03 6.57 1.77 ns
TORQUE L6 60 −29.24 9.29 240 −30.67 5.90 1.14 ns
TORQUE L5 60 −17.43 7.98 240 −23.63 5.58 5.68 <0.001
TORQUE L4 60 −14.96 7.69 240 −18.95 4.96 3.83 <0.001
TORQUE L3 60 −9.01 5.74 240 −12.73 4.65 4.66 <0.001
TORQUE L2 60 −1.36 6.89 240 −3.24 5.37 1.97 ns
TORQUE L1 60 2.19 7.11 240 −1.71 5.79 3.93 <0.001
  1. ns not significant.