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Table 3 Comparison of male and female in horizontal growth pattern (comparison of groups 3 and 4)

From: Smile analysis in different facial patterns and its correlation with underlying hard tissues

Parameter Males (n = 25) Females (n = 25) Difference t value p value Significance
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
U1 EXP. 6.93 ± 1.01 7.36 ± 1.14 0.4360 1.43 .160 NS
LL-U1 0.3 ± 0.62 0.15 ± 0.29 0.148 1.081 .285 NS
IL GAP 7.34 ± 1.20 7.4 ± 1.24 0.0560 0.162 .872 NS
IC WIDTH 40.14 ± 1.84 39.58 ± 1.58 0.5560 1.145 .258 NS
TW 52.92 ± 2.83 48.84 ± 3.23 4.0720 4.742 <0.001 S***
SW 68.02 ± 3.59 64.32 ± 4.08 3.708 3.410 .001 S**
SI 9.47 ± 1.38 8.93 ± 1.63 5.34 1.249 0.22 NS
BC_L 14.1 ± 1.72 12.82 ± 2.30 1.2760 2.219 .032 S*
BC_R 13.44 ± 2.18 11.86 ± 1.85 1.5840 2.768 .008 S*
PC_L 7.49 ± 1.55 7.69 ± 1.77 0.2000 0.425 .672 NS
PC_R 7.18 ± 1.54 6.93 ± 1.45 .2440 0.576 .567 NS
BC RATIO 5.91 ± 3.2 6.17 ± 3.85 2.62 −2.62 0.012 S*
PC RATIO 7.78 ± 3.36 7.61 ± 5.09 1.76 1.45 .155 NS
U VERT 6.92 ± 1.61 6.87 ± 1.61 .0520 0.114 .910 NS
L VERT 11.72 ± 1.63 10.42 ± 1.23 1.3000 3.18 .003 S**
  1. NS p > 0.05: insignificant
  2. * p < 0.05, significant at 5 % significance level; ** p < 0.01, significant at 1 % significance level; *** p < 0.001, highly significant