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Table 4 Comparison of male and female in vertical growth pattern (comparison of groups 5 and 6)

From: Smile analysis in different facial patterns and its correlation with underlying hard tissues

Parameter Males Females Difference t value p value Significance
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
U1 EXP. 10.42 ± 1.28 9.54 ± .93 0.88 2.78 .008 S**
LL-U1 1.82 ± 2.02 1.23 ± 1.25 0.59 1.25 .219 NS
IL GAP 12.95 ± 2.79 11.25 ± 2.03 1.70 2.46 .017 S*
IC WIDTH 39.81 ± 1.85 38.52 ± 2.32 1.29 2.17 .035 S*
TW 54.53 ± 4.22 50.55 ± 3.87 3.98 3.47 .001 S**
SW 65.31 ± 5.24 64.94 ± 5.58 3.72 .24 .809 NS
SI 5.49 ± 1.98 5.91 ± 9.19 4.16 0.96 0.344 NS
BC_L 12.72 ± 2.39 13.04 ± 2.28 0.320 −.49 .63 NS
BC_R 12.39 ± 2.17 12.39 ± 2.23 0.000 .00 1.00 NS
PC_L 5.51 ± 1.63 6.44 ± 1.22 0.924 −2.27 .028 S*
PC_R 5.19 ± 1.70 6.24 ± 1.42 1.05 −2.37 .022 S*
BC RATIO 7.75 ± 8.19 5.96 ± 3.9 1.798 1.09 .278 NS
PC RATIO 1.25 ± 2.05 7.80 ± 4.38 4.678 1.14 .260 NS
U VERT 6.81 ± 1.47 6.32 ± 1.34 0.488 1.23 .226 NS
L VERT 11.23 ± 1.59 9.89 ± 2.05 1.34 2.59 .013 S*
  1. NS p > 0.05: insignificant
  2. * p < 0.05, significant at 5 % significance level; ** p < 0.01, significant at 1 % significance level