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Fig. 3 | Progress in Orthodontics

Fig. 3

From: Maxillary molar distalization with aligners in adult patients: a multicenter retrospective study

Fig. 3

Schematic illustration of linear measurements (mm) considered in the study. Horizontal measurements were expressed by the distance between the following points and the y axis (a perpendicular line to the palatal plane passing through the Ricketts’ Pt point); second molar horizontal distance from the center of the crown, from the mesiobuccal cusp, from the mesiobuccal root’s apex, from the palatal root’s apex; first molar horizontal distance from the center of the crown, from the mesiobuccal cusp, from the mesiobuccal root’s apex, from the palatal root’s apex; central incisor distance; central incisor edge distance, central incisor radicular apex distance. Vertical distances were expressed by the distance between the same points and the x axis (palatal plane) and between the occlusal plane (except for incisor edge point and mesiobuccal cusp point, both tangential the occlusal plane)

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