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Table 2 Stress distribution (MPa) around the sutures and the cleft area

From: Stress and displacement pattern evaluation using two different palatal expanders in unilateral cleft lip and palate: a three-dimensional finite element analysis

S. no Sutures Areas Bone-borne palatal expander Conventional HYRAX
1 Pre-maxilla cleft area Non-cleft side 0.1096 0.2499
Cleft side 0.31694 0.12464
2 Mid-palatal cleft area Molars Non-cleft side 0.6899 0.1835
Cleft side 0.6824 0.4234
Pre-molars Non-cleft side 0.6204 0.2839
Cleft side 0.6144 0.1043
Canine Non-cleft side 0.8507 0.4001
Cleft side 0.7868 0.0779
3 Zygomaticomaxillary suture Non-cleft side 0.56649 0.34412
Cleft side 0.6079 0.6046
4 Zygomaticotemporal suture Non-cleft side 0.7419 0.6104
Cleft side 0.0855 0.10168
5 Nasomaxillary suture Non-cleft side 0.69559 0.50771
Cleft side 0.2343 0.33451