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Table 2 Computational result of von Mises stress contours of the various skeletal structures

From: Stress and displacement patterns in the craniofacial skeleton with rapid maxillary expansion—a finite element method study

Bones VM stress, max (kg/mm2) VM stress, min (kg/mm2) VM stress, average (kg/mm2)
Frontal bone 42.74 0.285 21.51
Maxillary bone 58.7 0.747 29.7
Nasal bone 51.7 3.628 27.66
Sphenoid bone 20.96 0.25 10.605
Temporal bone 26.905 0.15 13.52
Zygomatic bone 44.602 0.573 22.58