Skip to main content

Table 5 Mean (in cN) and standard deviation (SD) of 0.016-in. conventional NiTi wires, in the bracket systems (n = 10)

From: Force level of small diameter nickel-titanium orthodontic wires ligated with different methods

Elastic deflection Damon Bioquick EL ML p
Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.)
0.5 mm 28.96 (5.15)
B
29.78 (10.64)
B
6.67 (7.22)
A
23.45 (13.48)
B
0.000*
1 mm 95.44 (8.66) 98.08 (10.47) 112.11 (43.07) 130.15 (55.70) 0.1359
2 mm 299.36 (11.30)
B
259.90 (8.18)
A
306.96 (9.90)
B
321,40 (15.76)
C
0.000*
3 mm 389.28 (9.16)
B
352.69 (7.65)
A
441.23 (13.10)
D
424,02 (5.62)
C
0.000*
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05