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Table 6 Mean (in cN) and standard deviation (SD) of 0.016-in. thermally activated NiTi wires, in the bracket systems (n = 10)

From: Force level of small diameter nickel-titanium orthodontic wires ligated with different methods

Elastic deflection Damon Bioquick EL ML p
Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.)
0.5 mm 32.66 (3.10)
B
27.47 (5.32)
B
4.28 (3.56)
A
29.04 (16.92)
B
0.000*
1 mm 94.34 (6.65)
A
81.00 (6.67)
A
126.50 (41.57)
B
140.05 (25.26)
B
0.000*
2 mm 212.53 (8.01)
B
180.62 (4.84)
A
211.61 (6.19)
B
219.73 (10.89)
B
0.000*
3 mm 295.28 (12.84)
B
270.62 (4.88)
A
374.67 (15.06)
D
322.26 (13.23)
C
0.000*
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05