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Fig. 3 | Progress in Orthodontics

Fig. 3

From: Craniofacial height in relation to cross-sectional maxillary and mandibular morphology

Fig. 3

Cross-sectional height and width morphology measurements of the maxilla and mandible in the three groups (low-, normal- and high angle). UP-MOL-R (upper molar right), UP-PRE-R (upper premolar right), UP-MID (upper midline), UP-PRE-L (upper premolar left), UP-MOL-L (upper molar left), LO-MOL-R (lower molar right), LO-PRE-R (lower premolar right), LO-MID (lower midline), LO-PRE-L (lower premolar left), LO-MOL-L (lower molar left). Y-axis (mm). a Height (H) measurement at five cross-sectional sites in the maxilla and five in the mandible. b Width (W) measurement at five cross-sectional sites in the maxilla. W1 demonstrates the coronal width measurements, and W2 demonstrates the apical width measurements. c Width (W) measurement at five cross-sectional sites in the mandible. W1 demonstrates the coronal width measurements, and W2 demonstrates the apical width measurements. a Height in maxilla and mandible. b Coronal width. c Apical width

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