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Table 1 Bone height measurements of the maxillary and mandibular body in millimeters

From: Craniofacial height in relation to cross-sectional maxillary and mandibular morphology

  High-angle group Normal-angle group Low-angle group Significance
  \( \overline{x} \) Range SD \( \overline{x} \) Range SD \( \overline{x} \) Range SD Overall High-normal Normal-low High-low
Maxilla
 UP-MOL-R 16.2 9.6–23.6 2.5 15.1 9.7–21.0 2.4 14.3 9.6–21.0 2.2 0.000* 0.024* 0.169 0.000*
 UP-PRE-R 20.0 13.0–27.1 2.7 18.2 12.8–24.5 2.4 16.3 11.3–20.6 2.1 0.000* 0.000* 0.000* 0.000*
 UP-MID 22.9 15.3–28.4 2.7 20.6 15.3–25.8 2.3 18.3 11.6–26.1 2.7 0.000* 0.000* 0.000* 0.000*
 UP-PRE-L 20.0 12.7–26.8 2.8 18.4 14.3–24.2 2.3 16.4 11.3–20.7 2.1 0.000* 0.002* 0.000* 0.000*
 UP-MOL-L 16.3 10.4–23.3 2.6 15.4 9.9–20.4 2.5 14.1 10.2–19.5 2.2 0.000* 0.128 0.011* 0.000*
Mandible
 LO-MOL-R 26.7 19.4–36.6 2.6 26.8 20.43–33.5 2.6 26.2 20.3–31.5 2.6 0.455 0.994 0.492 0.558
 LO-PRE-R 32.3 25.1–41.9 3.3 30.7 25.0–38.0 2.8 28.7 23.2–34.6 2.6 0.000* 0.011* 0.001* 0.000*
 LO-MID 35.3 29.0–42.1 3.3 32.3 26.4–40.0 3.0 29.5 24.7–36.9 2.8 0.000* 0.000* 0.000* 0.000*
 LO-PRE-L 32.1 24.8–41.8 3.6 30.7 25.2–38.3 3.0 28.7 23.7–34.4 2.6 0.000* 0.025* 0.001* 0.000*
 LO-MOL-L 26.7 20.3–36.3 3.3 26.6 21.2–33.7 2.8 26.2 20.4–32.0 2.6 0.587 0.993 0.683 0.611
  1. UP-MOL-R upper molar right, UP-PRE-R upper premolar right, UP-MID upper midline, UP-PRE-L upper premolar left, UP-MOL-L upper molar left, LO-MOL-R lower molar right, LO-PRE-R lower premolar right, LO-MID lower midline, LO-PRE-L lower premolar left, LO-MOL-L lower molar left, \( \overline{x} \) mean value
  2. *Statistically significant difference (p value < 0.05)