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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for torque measurements

From: Movement of anterior teeth using clear aligners: a three-dimensional, retrospective evaluation

    T0 T1 TS
Upper arch (n = 36) Left side Canine 12.7 ± 5.7 11.4 ± 4.5 11.6 ± 4.9
Lateral incisor 10.7 ± 5.6 8.8 ± 4.9 9.4 ± 5.5
Central incisor 9.4 ± 5.4 7.7 ± 4.5 9.1 ± 5.8
Right side Canine 12.0 ± 4.9 10.6 ± 5.2 9.9 ± 4.5
Lateral incisor 9.3 ± 4.8 8.1 ± 4.4 8.5 ± 4.8
Central incisor 8.9 ± 5.7 7.7 ± 4.3 8.3 ± 5.5
Lower arch (n = 27) Left side Canine 14.3 ± 6.2 11.8 ± 4.9 11.6 ± 5.4
Lateral incisor 11.0 ± 4.8 8.6 ± 3.8 8.6 ± 4.3
Central incisor 11.0 ± 4.9 9.3 ± 5.1 9.9 ± 4.6
Right side Canine 16.2 ± 6.1 14.3 ± 5.8 15.0 ± 5.7
Lateral incisor 8.1 ± 4.7 7.8 ± 3.9 7.5 ± 3.7
Central incisor 9.8 ± 4.5 9.4 ± 4.8 9.1 ± 4.2
  1. Torque is expressed in degrees (°)