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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Role of anatomical sites and correlated risk factors on the survival of orthodontic miniscrew implants: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Design Setting OMI type Length in (mm) Diameter in (mm) Specific location (failed/total)
Aboul-Ela [38] RCT University AbsoAnchor,
Dentos, Daegu, Korea
8 1.3 Mx first molar and second premolar (2/26)
Aglarci [39] pCCT NA AbsoAnchor,
Dentos, Daegu, Korea
10 1.6 Mx first molar and second premolar (6/50)
Akay [40] pCS University Surgi-Tec 13 2.3 Parapalatal (0/40)
Al Maaitah [41] pCCT University AbsoAnchor,
Dentos, Daegu, Korea
8 1.3 Mx first molar and second premolar (5/44)
Al-Sibaie [42] RCT University Dewimed, Tuttlingen, Germany 7 1.6 Mx first molar and second premolar (3/56)
Aras [43] RCT University Anchor Plus, Los Angeles, Calif 6/7 1.4/1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (0/32)
-Mx canine and lateral (1/32)
-Right side (0/16); Left side (0/16)*
Aslan [44] RCT University OrthoTechnology Inc., Tampa, Fla 8 1.5 -Mn canine and first premolar (4/32)
-Right side (2/16); Left side (2/16)
Aydogdu [23] RCT University AbsoAnchor, Dentos, Daegu, Korea 6 1.2 Mn lateral and canine (2/26)
Bechtold [45] RCT University Orlus18107, Ortholution, Seoul, Korea 7 1.8 -Mx first molar and second premolar (3/24)
-Mixed insertion sites (7/52)
Blaya [46] pCS Private Sin Implant Systems, São Paulo, SP, Brazil 10 1.2 Mx first molar and second premolar (0/30)
Bushang [47] pCS University IMTEC Corporation, Ardmore, OK 8 1.8 -Parapalatal (1/32)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (1/22)
Canan [48] RCT University Yesanchor, Seoul, Korea 9 1.8 Parapalatal (2/94)
Chen [49] pCS University Ci Bei Corporation, Zhejiang, China 11 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (2/40)
-Mixed insertion sites (5/8)
Chopra [50] RCT Dental clinic NA NA NA -Mx first molar and second premolar (2/50)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (3/50)
-Right side (4/50); Left side (1/50)
Cozzani [51] pCCT NA M.A.S., Micerium, Avegno, Italy 11 1.5 Paramedian (6/36)
Davoody [52] RCT University NA 8/9 1.8/2 Mx first molar and second premolar (5/30)
Dawlatly [53] RCT University OsteoCare™ Implant System, London, UK 9 1.8 Zygomatic buttress (1/20)
Duran [54] pCS Academy Forestadent, Pforzheim, Germany 8 1.7 Paramedian (0/42)
Durrani [55] RCT University NA 10 2 -Mx first molar and second premolar (10/60)
-Right side (8/30); Left side (2/30)
Eissa [56] RCT University MCT Tech, South Korea 10 1.6 -Mn canine and first premolar (0/30)
-Right side (0/15); Left side (0/15)
El Beialy [57] pCS University Absoanchor, Dentos, Daegu, Korea 8 1.2 -Mx first molar and second premolar (4/22)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (3/18)
Elkordy [58] RCT University 3 M Unitek 10 1.6 -Mn canine and first premolar (3/30)
Ge [59] RCT University ShenGang, ZhangHua, Taiwan 14 2 Zygomatic buttress (10/48)
Gelgor [60] pCS University IMF Stryker, Leibinger, Germany 14 1.8 Midpalatal (0/25)
Gelgor [61] pCCT NA IMF Stryker Leibinger, Germany 14 1.8 Midpalatal (0/40)
Gupta [62] pCCT University Custom made Denticon, Mumbai 8 1.4 -Mx first molar and second premolar (9/40)
-Right side (6/20); Left side (3/20)
Iwai [63] RCT University ISA; Biodent, Tokyo,
Japan
8 1.6 Mx first molar and second premolar (10/142)
Janson [64] pCS University AbsoAnchor,
Dentos, Daegu, Korea
7 1.5 Mx first molar and second premolar (4/40)
Kayalar [65] RCT University Ortho Easy Forestadent 10 1.7 Paramedian (0/20)
Khan [66] RCT University Dentaurum, Ispringen, Germany 8 1.2 -Mx first molar and second premolar (0/50)
-Right side (0/25); Left side (0/25)
Kim [67] pCS University C-implant, Seoul, Korea 8.5 1.8 -Mx first molar and second premolar (2/50)
-Right side (1/25); Left side (1/25)
Lee [68] pCCT University -Orlus18107, Ortholution, Seoul, Korea
-Orthoplant; BioMaterials Korea Inc., Seoul, Korea
7 1.8/2.5 -Mx first molar and second premolar (2/36)
-Mx first and second premolars (2/36)
Lehnen [69] RCT NA Dentaurum, Ispringen, Germany 8 1.6 Mx first molar and second premolar (7/60)
Liou [32] pCS NA Leibinger, Freiburg, Germany 17 2 -Zygomatic buttress (0/32)
-Right side (0/16); Left side (0/16)
Liu [70] RCT NA Cibei, Ningbo, China 8 1.2 Mx first molar and second premolar (8/68)
Manni [71] RCT NA MAS, Micerium, Avegno, Italy 11 1.3–1.5 -Mn first molar and second premolar (0/50)
-Right side (0/25); Left side (0/25)
Miresmaeili [72] pCS University NA 8/10 1.4/1.6/2 Parapalatal (5/52)
Miyazawa [73] pCS University Jeil Medical, Seoul, Korea 8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (3/23)
-VL (1/21)
Motoyoshi [74] pCS University ISA orthodontic Implant, BIODENT, Tokyo, Japan 8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (13/115)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (11/94)
-Right side (14/104); Left side (10/105)
Motoyoshi [75] pCCT University ISA orthodontic Implant, BIODENT, Tokyo, Japan 8 1.6 Mx first molar and second premolar (7/143)
Motoyoshi [76] pCS University ISA orthodontic Implant, BIODENT, Tokyo, Japan 8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (5/82)
-Right side (3/41); Left side (2/41)
Motoyoshi [77] pCS University ISA orthodontic Implant, BIODENT, Tokyo, Japan 8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (9/202)
-Right side (6/102); Left side (3/100)
Nalçaci [78] pCS University M-5146,11,Medartis AG, Basel, Switzerland 11 2 Paramedian (0/42)
Nienkemper [79] pCS University PSM Medical Solutions, Tuttlingen, Germany 9 2 Paramedian (0/32)
Polat-Ozsoy [80] pCS University AbsoAnchor, Dentos, Daegu, Korea 6 1.2 Mx lateral and canine (3/22)
Samrit [81] pCS NA AbsoAnchor, Dentos, Daegu, Korea NA NA -Mx first molar and second premolar (0/20)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (4/18)
-Right side (2/19); Left side (2/19)
Sarul [22] RCT University Forestadent, Phorzheim, Germany 6/8 1.6 Mn first and second molars (14/54)
Saxena [82] pCS University Custom made SK surgical 8 1.3 Mx lateral and canine (2/20)
Senisik [83] RCT University Absoanchor; Dentos, Daegu, South Korea 5 1.3 Mx lateral and canine (3/30)
Sharma [84] RCT University Denticon OMI 8 1.2 Mx first molar and second premolar (1/30)
Shigeeda [85] pCS University ISA Orthodontic Mini-implants;
Biodent, Tokyo, Japan
8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (3/79)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (5/86)
Son [86] RCT University ISA Orthodontic Biodent, Tokyo, Japan 8 1.6 -Mx first molar and second premolar (6/140)
-Right side (5/70); Left side (1/70)
Suzuki [87] pCS University -Sistema Nacional de Implantes, Sao Paulo, Brazil
-ACR Mini-Implant, BioMaterials Korea, Guro-gu, Seoul, Korea
6/8 1.5 -Midpalatal (0/57)
-Mixed insertion sites (19/223)
Suzuki [88] RCT University AbsoAnchor; Dentos, Daegu, Korea 5/6/7 1.3 -Mx first molar and second premolar (8/122)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (19/64)
-Right side (16/93); Left side (11/93)
Toklu [89] RCT University Total Anchor; Trimed, Ankara, Turkey 9 1.8 Paramedian (2/26)
Tuncer [90] RCT University Absoanchor; Dentos, Daegu, Korea 7 1.4/1.5 -Mx first molar and second premolar (7/60)
Turkoz [91] RCT University Absoanchor; Dentos, Daegu, Korea 7 1.4 Mx first molar and second premolar (25/112)
Upadhyay [92] pCCT University Custom made OMI 8 1.3 Mx first molar and second premolar (4/30)
Upadhyay [93] pCS University NA 8 1.3 Mx first molar and second premolar (2/46)
Viwattanatipa [94] pCS University Osteomed, Dallas, Tex 8/10/12 1.2 -Mx first molar and second premolar (7/44)
-Zygomatic buttress (25/53)
Von Bremen [95] pCCT Private OrthoEasy®, Forestadent, Germany 8 1.8 -Mn first molar and second premolar (10/34)
-Right side (5/17); Left side (5/17)
Watanabe [96] pCS University Absoanchor Dentos Inc., Taegu, Korea 5/6/8 1.4 -Mx first molar and second premolar (11/132)
-Mn first molar and second premolar (17/58)
Watanabe [97] pCS University Dual-top Auto Screw III; Jeil Medical, Seoul, Korea 6 1.4 -Mx first molar and second premolar (11/50)
-Parapalatal (6/70)
  1. RCT randomised clinical trial, pCCT prospective controlled clinical trial, pCS prospective cohort study, VL various locations, Mn mandibular interradicular, Mx maxillary interradicular, NA not available
  2. *Side of insertion data were only presented for miniscrews inserted between the maxillary first molar and second premolar