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Table 4 Pre- and post-treatment changes in cephalometric measurements and canine/molar relationship correction

From: Evaluating the treatment effectiveness and efficiency of Carriere Distalizer: a cephalometric and study model comparison of Class II appliances

Post-Pre treatment Class II elastics Carriere Distalizer Forsus
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Maxillary skeletal
 SNA (°) − 0.1 2.1 0.6 2.4 −1.2 2.5
 Co-ANS (mm) 1.6 5.2 1.3 4.4 1.8 6.0
Mandibular skeletal
 SNB (°) 0.95 1.5 1.2 1.9 1.6 1.5
 Co-Gn (mm) 5.1 4.6 6.7 6.8 7.5 6.6
Maxillary/mandibular
 ANB (°) −1.0 1.6 −0.5 1.5 −2.9*** 1.7
 Wits (mm) −1.5 2.0 −0.5 2.3 −4.2*** 2.7
Maxillary dental
 U1-SN (°) 8.7 10.2 5.7 7.7 5.4 8.6
 U1-NA (°) 8.8 11.3 5.1 7.1 6.5 9.4
 U1-NA (mm) 2.0 2.7 3.0 7.7 2.5 3.7
Mandibular dental
 IMPA (°) 6.4 7.4 4.7 7.9 4.5 5.7
 L1-NB (°) 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.4 4.5 5.9
 L1-NB (mm) 2.8 1.4 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.8
Interdental
 Interincisal angle (°) −11.2 15.6 −11.1 11.1 −8.3 11.2
 Overjet (mm) −2.2 1.3 −2.0 0.9 −3.2 2.4
 Overbite (mm) −2.6 2.8 −1.8 1.2 −3.2 2.2
Vertical
 Upper facial height (mm) 0.85 2.2 1.9 4.0 0.9 3.3
 Lower facial height (mm) 4.5 4.1 6.3 2.6 3.5 3.3
 FMA (°) −0.48 3.8 1.7 4.8 −1.7 4.7
 Sn-GoGn (°) −1.6 2.6 −0.1 4.1 −1.4 1.9
Canine correction (mm) −3.8 1.4 −3.7 1.7 −5.2** 2.3
Molar correction (mm) −3.5 1.5 −3.5 1.7 −4.5* 2.2
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001