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Table 5 Post hoc pairwise comparisons between treatment groups performed through Fisher’s least significant difference (LSD) test

From: Facial esthetic outcome of functional followed by fixed orthodontic treatment of class II division 1 patients

Dependent variableTreatment group (I)Treatment group (J)Mean difference (I–J)SESig.95% confidence interval
Lower limitUpper limit
Change in the faceActivatorTwin block− 4.273.440.217− 11.082.54
ControlActivator1.733.440.617− 5.088.53
Twin block− 2.543.440.461− 9.354.27
Change in the lower faceActivatorTwin block− 3.413.150.280− 9.642.81
ControlActivator− 2.393.150.449− 8.623.83
Twin block− 5.813.150.067− 12.030.42
Change in the upper lipActivatorTwin block− 1.772.810.530− 7.333.79
ControlActivator− 2.122.810.452− 7.683.44
Twin block− 3.892.810.169− 9.451.67
Change in the lower lipActivatorTwin block− 3.192.880.269− 8.882.50
ControlActivator− 1.592.880.582− 7.284.10
Twin block− 4.782.880.099− 10.470.91
Change in the chinActivatorTwin block− 4.232.950.154− 10.071.61
ControlActivator0.102.950.973− 5.745.94
Twin block− 4.132.950.164− 9.971.70
  1. SE standard error