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Table 3 Linear and angular treatment change measurements for each component

From: Differential assessment of skeletal, alveolar, and dental components induced by microimplant-supported midfacial skeletal expander (MSE), utilizing novel angular measurements from the fulcrum

 Skeletal expansionAlveolar bone bendingDental tipping
 Right linear measurements   
UnitΔaΔbΔcΔaΔb—ΔaΔc—Δb
mm2.312.933.842.310.620.91
%   60.1616.1523.69
 Right angular measurements   
 ΔaΔbΔcΔaΔb—ΔaΔc—Δb
°2.822.832.922.820.010.09
%   96.580.343.08
 Left linear measurements   
 ΔaΔbΔcΔaΔb—ΔaΔc—Δb
mm2.373.064.172.370.691.11
%   56.8316.5526.62
 Left angular measurements   
 ΔaΔbΔcΔaΔb—ΔaΔc—Δb
°2.932.943.072.930.010.13
%   95.440.334.23
  1. Δa skeletal expansion, Δb skeletal expansion + alveolar bone bending, Δc skeletal expansion + alveolar bone bending + dental tipping
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