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Table 2 Comparison of the questionnaire’s items between BDD and non-BDD patients

From: Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder among patients seeking orthodontic treatment

VariablesN = 1184BDD-positive (62)BDD-negative (1122) 
AgeAge23.4 years20.4 years24.3 years0.3NS
Range18–30 years18–25 years18–30 years
GenderMale682 (58%)49 (79%)633 (56%)0.0003***
Female502 (42%)13 (21%)489 (44%) 
Marital statusSingle699 (59%)46 (74%)653 (58%)0.02*
Married485 (41%)16 (32%)469 (41%)
Prior orthodontic consultationNo previous orthodontic consultation1050 (89%)18 (29%)1032 (92%)< 0.0**
Previous orthodontic consultation134 (11%)44 (71%)90 (8%)
  1. NS Not Significant
  2. *p value < 0.05
  3. **p ≤ 0.01
  4. ***p ≤ 0.001
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