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Table 3 The Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal checklist tool for case series studies applied to all of the included articles

From: Stability of anterior open bite treatment with molar intrusion using skeletal anchorage: a systematic review and meta-analysis

JBI question Sheffler et al. [18] Baek et al. [15] Sugawara et al. [14] Deguchi et al. [19] Marzouk et al. [20] Lee et al. [21]
Q1. Were there clear criteria for inclusion in the case series? U Y Y Y Y Y
Q2. Was the condition measured in a standard, reliable way for all participants included in the case series? Y Y Y Y Y Y
Q3. Were valid methods used for identification of the condition for all participants included in the case series? N Y N Y Y Y
Q4. Did the case series have consecutive inclusion of participants? Y N Y N N Y
Q5. Did the case series have complete inclusion of participants? Y Y Y Y Y Y
Q6. Was there clear reporting of the demographics of the participants in the study? Y Y Y Y Y Y
Q7. Was there clear reporting of clinical information of the participants? Y Y Y Y Y Y
Q8. Were the outcomes or follow-up results of cases clearly reported? U Y Y Y Y Y
Q9. Was there clear reporting of the presenting site(s)/clinic(s) demographic information? Y Y Y Y Y Y
Q10. Was appropriate statistical analysis used? Y Y Y Y Y Y
  1. Y yes, N no, U unclear
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