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Table 3 Intergroup comparisons of the QLF measurements’ changes between different time points

From: Comparative evaluation of fluoride varnishes, self-assembling peptide-based remineralization agent, and enamel matrix protein derivative on artificial enamel remineralization in vitro

Time periods Group Output Minimum Maximum Mean SD P (∆F) P (∆F max) P (∆Q) P (area)
T1-T0 Control F − 17.00 − 1.10 − 8.33 A 5.69 0.207 0.205 0.348 0.386
F max − 22.00 − 2.00 − 11.75 A 7.34
Q − 101,747.00 − 13,521.00 − 47,867.88 A 37,369.17
Area − 4157.00 1250.00 − 1079.50 A 1588.22
Emdogain F − 14.60 1.80 − 9.34 A 5.30
F max − 18.00 6.00 − 11.88 A 7.83
Q − 86,808.00 1109.00 − 57,705.25 A 29,299.65
Area − 5064.00 68.00 − 1407.00 A 1600.74
Curodont F − 9.50 − 1.60 − 4.53 A 2.59
F max − 14.00 − 2.00 − 7.38 A 4.07
Q − 57,217.00 − 10,041.00 − 26,611.63 A 16,529.55
Area − 3349.00 405.00 − 816.88 A 1159.37
Duraphat F − 16.50 7.90 − 3.55 A 7.51
F max − 21.00 18.00 − 3.13 A 12.76
Q − 109,326.00 47,995.00 − 25,469.50 A 50,026.95
Area − 2254.00 1468.00 − 421.75 A 1415.32
Clinpro XT F − 15.70 − 0.10 − 6.20 A 6.09
F max − 23.00 10.00 − 4.25 A 9.95
Q − 104,528.00 − 9011.00 − 43,319.75 A 38,896.37
Area − 2450.00 82.00 − 1247.50 A 900.27
Enamel Pro F − 12.70 0.00 − 4.05 A 4.56
F max − 18.00 4.00 − 4.88 A 8.41
Q − 59,109.00 − 1659.00 − 30,883.25 A 22,864.84
Area − 47,753.00 − 45.00 − 7083.50 A 16,470.76
T2-T1 Control F − 11.30 4.30 − 3.99 A 4.98 0.001 0.001 < 0.001 0.001
F max − 18.00 5.00 − 4.13 A 7.22
Q − 47,304.00 12,798.00 − 15,513.25 A 20,137.28
Area − 4184.00 477.00 − 571.88 A 1496.28
Emdogain F − 7.30 12.30 2.56 A 7.00
F max − 12.00 19.00 4.25 A 9.68
Q − 48,086.00 76,082.00 18,325.38 A 42,654.17
Area − 1797.00 2886.00 405.50 A 1723.90
Curodont F − 14.40 0.90 − 8.38 B 4.78
∆F max − 24.40 1.00 − 14.30 B 8.42
Q − 97,885.00 6214.00 − 62,094.25 B 30,329.38
Area − 4415.00 453.00 − 2423.38 B 1710.05
Duraphat F − 10.60 0.70 − 2.29 A 4.15
F max − 14.00 1.00 − 3.75 A 4.68
Q − 105,347.00 8796.00 − 27,432.63 A 43,319.05
Area − 2094.00 1039.00 − 693.25 A 946.19
Clinpro XT F − 7.20 9.20 2.29 A 5.73
F max − 12.00 13.00 0.88 AC 10.55
Q − 51,736.00 59,677.00 12,857.50 AC 35,486.55
Area − 1040.00 2812.00 810.13 AC 1284.18
Enamel Pro F − 6.10 5.60 − 0.64 A 4.00
F max − 12.00 4.00 − 2.75 A 5.47
Q − 35,100.00 25,841.00 1709.50 AC 19,359.69
Area − 1507.00 6214.00 953.63 AC 2285.35
T3-T2 Control F − 16.40 3.10 − 5.35 A 6.37 0.007 0.021 0.010 0.003
F max − 26.00 5.00 − 8.75 A 11.04
Q − 84,039.00 9708.00 − 24,570.63 A 29,727.75
Area − 5428.00 0.00 − 1147.50 A 1890.12
Emdogain F − 8.60 8.20 − 2.34 A 6.28
F max − 11.00 26.00 − 2.88 A 12.26
Q − 64,486.00 48,354.00 − 20,723.25 A 37,101.79
Area − 2852.00 1594.00 − 882.75 A 1534.34
Curodont F − 7.00 9.70 − 1.49 A 5.06
F max − 11.00 21.00 0.18 A 10.23
Q − 56,413.00 53,796.00 − 9730.63 A 32,246.90
Area − 2577.00 3507.00 − 425.38 A 1849.69
Duraphat F − 15.80 1.10 − 4.94 A 5.53
F max − 18.00 28.00 − 4.38 A 14.74
Q − 56,593.00 14,038.00 − 14,777.88 AC 21,291.83
Area − 1648.00 1316.00 − 386.13 AC 1032.35
Clinpro XT F − 17.90 − 1.30 − 11.16 B 6.13
F max − 34.00 − 2.00 − 19.50 B 11.03
Q − 158,393.00 − 1495.00 − 66,279.00 B 48,597.85
Area − 6660.00 36.00 − 3154.00 B 2081.90
Enamel Pro F − 4.90 0.70 − 1.40 AC 1.89
F max − 14.70 3.80 − 6.96 A 6.02
Q − 44,949.00 1899.00 − 9457.68 AC 16,258.16
Area − 687.00 2343.00 318.88 AC 986.34
T3-T0 Control F − 26.50 − 10.70 − 17.66 A 4.91 0.053 0.120 0.371 0.847
F max − 34.00 − 11.00 − 24.63 A 8.81
Q − 213,280.00 − 3485.00 − 87,951.75 A 60,618.08
Area − 6342.00 1358.00 − 2798.88 A 2607.69
Emdogain F − 14.50 3.10 − 9.1125 A 5.80429
F max − 25.00 7.00 − 10.5000 A 11.52637
Q − 98,877.00 1832.00 − 60,103.1250 A 34,929.37284
Area − 4277.00 428.00 − 1884.2500 A 1812.62318
Curodont F − 26.40 − 5.80 − 14.39 A 6.94
F max − 37.00 − 5.00 − 21.50 A 10.94
Q − 169,955.00 − 28,410.00 − 98,436.50 A 46,423.11
Area − 5503.00 − 388.00 − 3665.63 A 1822.66
Duraphat F − 31.40 1.40 − 10.78 A 11.42
F max − 39.00 30.00 − 11.25 A 21.42
Q − 271,266.00 25,531.00 − 67,680.00 A 100,288.28
Area − 5620.00 2783.00 − 1501.13 A 2627.37
Clinpro XT F − 28.30 0.30 − 15.08 A 11.07
F max − 39.00 0.00 − 22.88 A 13.30
Q − 229,934.00 − 9095.00 − 96,741.25 A 78,618.02
Area − 6664.00 − 1224.00 − 3591.38 A 1993.18
Enamel Pro F − 10.20 − 2.20 − 6.09 A 2.83
F max − 20.20 − 9.20 − 14.59 A 4.36
Q − 78,388.00 5097.00 − 38,631.43 A 29,962.50
Area − 45,677.00 3739.00 − 5811.00 A 16,237.03
  1. SD indicates standard deviation. Comparisons of the measurements for each group at different time intervals that are not significantly different are marked with the same uppercase letters