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Table 2 LLLT characteristics of the included studies

From: Effects of low-level laser therapy on the orthodontic mini-implants stability: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year Laser device/wavelength Irradiation site Irradiation time/frequency Power (W) Energy density (J/cm2) Applications
Abohabib, 2018 [10] Diode laser (Epic 10 Console, Biolase Technology, San Clemente, EUA)/940 nm Perpendicular to the OMI 60 s/one applications per session 1.7 36 Immediately and 7, 14, 21 days after surgery
Ekizer, 2016 [14] Diode laser (OsseoPulse 1, Biolux Research Ltd, Vancouver, Canada)/618 nm OMI insertion area 20 min/one applications per session 0.2 - Once a day for 21 days
Flieger, 2019 Diode laser (SmartM, Lasotronix, Piazeczno, Poland)/635 nm Buccal and palatal to the maxillary ridge 100 s per point/two applications per session 0.1 20 Immediately and 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 30 days after surgery
Marañón-Vásquez, 2019 [6] Diode laser (Therapy XT, DCM, Kearny, NJ)/660 nm immediately and 808 nm posteriorly OMI insertion area 20 s (immediately); 40 s (posteriorly)/one applications per session 0.1 4 (immediately); 8 (posteriorly). Immediately and 2, 4, 7, 9, 11, 14 days after surgery
Matys, 2020 [16] Diode laser (SmartM PRO, Lasotronix, Warsaw, Poland)/808 nm Buccal and palatal to the maxillary ridge 40 s per point/two applications per session 0.1 8 Immediately and 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 30 days after surgery
Osman, 2017 [15] Diode laser (Epic 10 Console, Biolase Technology, San Clemente, EUA)/910 nm OMI insertion area 60 s/one applications per session 0.7 - 14 days with an interval of 72 hours between each application (four applications)
  1. LLLT low-level laser therapy, OMI orthodontic mini-implant, s seconds, min minutes, W watts, J/cm2 Joules per cm2