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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample

From: Mandibular incisor inclination and gingival recession after treatment with the Jasper Jumper: a 10-year follow-up

Variables Mean SD
Initial age (T1) 12.54 1.17
Final age (T2) 14.59 1.17
Follow-up age (T3) 26.49 1.24
Posttreatment time (T2–T1) 2.05 0.21
Follow-up time (T3–T2) 11.90 0.48
Sex Male Female
5 (31.25%) 11 (68.75%)
Skeletal age (T1) C2 C3
7 (43.75%) 9 (56.25%)
3X3 Retainer at T3 Presence
13 (81.25%)
Absence
3 (18.75%)
  1. T1—Pretreatment; T2—Posttreatment; T3—Follow-up
  2. C2 and C3—cervical vertebral maturation method