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Table 1 Gender-wise and age distribution of the participants according to the treatment arms compared using Pearson Chi-square test

From: A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of different methods on pain management during orthodontic debonding

Variables Groups/treatment arms All groups p value
Medication Finger pressure Stress relief Control
Gender       
Male 15 (42.9%) 12 (34.3%) 20 (57.1%) 14 (40%) 61 (43.57% 0.257
Female 20 (57.1%) 23 (65.7%) 15 (42.9%) 21 (60%) 79 (56.43%)
Age (years; mean ± SD) 21.74 ± 4.8 18.40 ± 4.5 21.83 ± 3.6 22.31 ± 6.5 21.07 ± 5.1 0.004*
  1. *p < 0.05 = Statistically significant