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Table 2 Frequency (%) of choice of each emoji among the oral conditions

From: Emoji as promising tools for emotional evaluation in orthodontics

Emoji Oral condition          P-value
  C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9  
Positive valence           
0.0 1.5a 13.4b 7.5c 2.0a 25.4d 1.5a 0.0 4.5ac  < 0.001
0.0 0.0 2.5a 0.0 0.5a 12.9b 0.0 0.0 0.0  < 0.001
0.0 1.0a 6.5b 3.0ab 2.0a 6.5b 1.0a 1.0a 2.0a  < 0.001
0.0 0.5a 11.9b 7.0b 2.5a 29.4c 2.0a 0.0 2.5a  < 0.001
2.0 1.5 1.0 1.5 3.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.0 0.230
0.0 0.0 1.0a 0.5a† 0.5a† 6.5b 0.0 0.0 0.5a  < 0.001
0.5a 2.0ab 2.0ab 2.5ab 1.0a 5.0b 2.0ab 0.0 2.5ab 0.019
0.5a 0.0 13.9b 8.5c 1.0a 17.9b 1.0a 0.0 2.0a  < 0.001
0.0 0.0 2.0a 0.5a 0.0 10.9b 0.0 0.0 0.0  < 0.001
0.5a 1.0ac 10.0b 3.0c 2.0ac 23.4d 1.0ac 1.0ac 2.0ac  < 0.001
Negative valence           
29.9ad 28.9ad 19.4b 19.9b 24.9ab 2.5c 30.8a 22.9bd 29.9a  < 0.001
33.8ae 36.3a 7.5b 11.4b 19.9c 2.5d 23.4cf 38.3a 26.9ef  < 0.001
1.5ab 2.0ab 0.0 1.5ab 0.5a 0.5a 0.5a 3.5b 1.5ab 0.024
17.9a 7.0b 0.5c 2.5de 2.5def 0.5 cd 5.5be 22.9a 6.0bf  < 0.001
13.4a 11.9a 2.5b 3.0bd 10.9ae 1.0b 11.4ae 20.9c 6.5de  < 0.001
7.5a 4.0ab 0.0 1.5b 4.0ab 0.0 4.0ab 20.9c 3.5b  < 0.001
1.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 1.0 2.5 1.0 0.209
16.4af 14.9acf 2.5b 5.5bd 10.0 cd 0.5e 10.9acg 19.4f 9.0dg  < 0.001
19.4a 14.9ac 2.0b 3.5b 12.9cde 2.5b 12.9ce 19.4ad 8.0e  < 0.001
7.0ac 12.9b 9.0abc 10.9ab 6.0ac 4.5c 6.0ac 6.5ac 8.0abc 0.019
2.0a 2.0a 3.5a 4.0a 4.0a 2.5a 9.0b 2.5a 4.5a 0.002
15.4a 16.9a 0.0 0.5b 9.0c 0.0 8.0c 23.4d 9.0c  < 0.001
0.5 1.5 0.0 1.5 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.375
13.9a 8.0b 0.0 1.0ce 7.5bf 0.5c 5.5bf 24.9d 3.5ef  < 0.001
10.0ad 6.5ace 0.5b 1.5bc 6.0ace 0.0 4.0ce 11.4d 4.5e  < 0.001
6.0 6.0 6.5 6.0 7.5 10.4 5.5 5.0 8.0 0.289
5.5a 5.0a 6.0a 7.0ab 6.0a 5.5a 11.4b 3.5a 7.0a 0.025
Neutral valence           
21.4ad 24.4ade 23.4ade 35.3bf 25.9ae 10.9c 24.9ade 18.9d 30.3ef  < 0.001
5.5a 5.5a 14.4b 12.9bc 13.4bc 7.5ac 16.4b 5.0a 11.9bc  < 0.001
2.0 3.5 2.5 4.0 4.5 1.0 4.5 5.0 4.0 0.255
  1. C1—crowding, C2—anterior open bite, C3—interincisal diastema, C4—increased overjet and deep bite (Class II division 1), C5—anterior crossbite (Class III), C6—ideal occlusion, C7—unilateral posterior crossbite, C8—anterior open bite plus bilateral posterior crossbite plus crowding, C9—deep bite (Class II division 2)
  2. a,b,c,d,e,f,g Different superscript letters indicate difference between conditions in the same row
  3. The conditions for comparison between the groups using the McNemar test were not met