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  1. The study aimed to compare external root resorption (ERR) three-dimensionally in subjects treated with tooth-borne (TB) versus bone-borne (BB) rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Forty subjects who received tooth...

    Authors: Rosalia Leonardi, Vincenzo Ronsivalle, Ersilia Barbato, Manuel Lagravère, Carlos Flores-Mir and Antonino Lo Giudice
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:45
  2. The purpose of the study was to measure the forces delivered by direct-printed aligners (DPA) in the vertical dimension and compare the force profile with traditional thermoformed aligners (TFA) and to investi...

    Authors: Evan Hertan, Julie McCray, Brent Bankhead and Ki Beom Kim
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:49
  3. With advances in digital technology, new types of lingual fixed retainers are being developed. However, there are few studies that quantitatively evaluate the accuracy and stability of lingual fixed retainers....

    Authors: Seung-Hyun Kang, Jae-Sung Kwon, Chooryung Judi Chung, Jung-Yul Cha and Kee-Joon Lee
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:39
  4. Clear aligner (CA) treatment has been gaining popularity, but the biomechanical effects of CAs in bimaxillary dentition have not been thoroughly investigated. Direct and indirect strong anchorages are two comm...

    Authors: Jun-qi Liu, Guan-yin Zhu, Yi-gan Wang, Bo Zhang, Shuang-cheng Wang, Ke Yao and Zhi-he Zhao
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:41
  5. Uprighting incisors is particularly important with clear aligner therapy as incisor tip determines the mesio-distal space needed in the arch, and consequently the fit of the aligner. The objective of this stud...

    Authors: Julia Meri Smith, Tony Weir, Austin Kaang and Mauro Farella
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:37
  6. This study aimed to three-dimensionally evaluate the qualitative and quantitative maxillary basal, dentoalveolar, and dental dimensions in patients with unilateral or bilateral maxillary impacted canines relat...

    Authors: Hasan M. Sharhan, Abeer A. Almashraqi, Hanan Al-fakeh, Najah Alhashimi, Ehab A. Abdulghani, Wenyuanfeng Chen, Abeer A. Al-Sosowa, BaoCheng Cao and Maged S. Alhammadi
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:38
  7. Midpalatal suture (MPS) repair in growing patients after RPE has been previously reported. However, differences between young and adult patients for timing and pattern of MPS repair after rapid maxillary expan...

    Authors: Rodrigo Naveda, Alexandre Magno dos Santos, María Pía Seminario, Felicia Miranda, Guilherme Janson and Daniela Garib
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:35
  8. Eruption disturbances of permanent molars are uncommon; however, it is important to treat them as soon as they are diagnosed. The main objective was to analyze the effectiveness of the “miniscrew-supported pol...

    Authors: Carmen Lorente, Pedro Lorente, Maria Perez-Vela, Cristina Esquinas and Teresa Lorente
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:36
  9. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of training residents in an orthodontic program in the placement of miniscrews by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. A total of 90 mini...

    Authors: Bobby Mitchell, Jie Liu, Sanghee Lee, Keiichiro Watanabe, Do-Gyoon Kim, Henry W. Fields, Xiaohan Guo, Lu Wei-En and Toru Deguchi
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:33
  10. Regardless of the treatment protocol, stability in Class III patients always represents a major concern. The aim of this study was to assess the short and long-term skeletal and dentoalveolar modifications in ...

    Authors: Giuliano B. Maino, Francesca Cremonini, Giovanna Maino, Emanuele Paoletto, Matteo De Maio, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Mario Palone and Luca Lombardo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:44
  11. This study aims to evaluate the impact of the loss of permanent molars on the duration of orthodontic treatment for space closure and without skeletal anchorage.

    Authors: Paula Coutinho Cardoso, Paulo Mecenas and David Normando
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:32
  12. When the indirect bonding technique was developed in 1972 by Silverman and Cohen, many authors wondered whether this technique would improve bracket positioning accuracy compared to the direct bonding techniqu...

    Authors: Rami Aboujaoude, Roland Kmeid, Carine Gebrael and Elie Amm
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:31
  13. To evaluate the morphological and positional changes of mandibular condyle after miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) in skeletal Class III malocclusion adult patients with horizontal mandibular ...

    Authors: Shuai Chen, Chunxi Zhang, Kaili Zhang, Xiaoming Tan, Xun Xi, Yi Zhao and Dongxu Liu
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:30
  14. To compare the clinical effectiveness of Hawley retainers (HRs) and modified vacuum-formed retainers (mVFRs) with palatal coverage in maintaining transverse expansion throughout a 24-month retention period and...

    Authors: Asma Ashari, Nik Mukhriz Nik Mustapha, Jonathan Jun Xian Yuen, Zhi Kuan Saw, May Nak Lau, Lew Xian, Alizae Marny Fadzlin Syed Mohamed, Rohaya Megat Abdul Wahab, Chiew Kit Yeoh, Malathi Deva Tata and Sindhu Sinnasamy
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:40
  15. The introduction in the orthodontic field of the digital workflow for guided insertion of palatal TADs and the development of the 1-visit protocol led to the reduction of chair time and the possibility of comp...

    Authors: Lucia Pozzan, Marco Migliorati, Luca Dinelli, Riccardo Riatti, Lucio Torelli, Roberto Di Lenarda and Luca Contardo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:27
  16. To perform a case series analysis of the changes in the pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), nasal inspiratory flow (NIF), upper airway volume, obstructive apnea/hypopnea index (OAHI), and the maxilloman...

    Authors: Mariana M. Tinano, Helena M. G. Becker, Letícia P. Franco, Claudia P. G. dos Anjos, Vinícius M. Ramos, Carolina M. F. F. Nader, Joana Godinho, Henrique de Párcia Gontijo and Bernardo Q. Souki
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:29
  17. Clear aligner treatment has become popular over recent years. It is necessary to identify methods by which we could avoid the bowing effect in extractions with clear aligner. The present study was to identify ...

    Authors: Yuxun Cheng, Jie Gao, Shishu Fang, Wei Wang, Yanning Ma and Zuolin Jin
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:26
  18. Estimating skeletal maturation and growth potential is essential for developing adolescents' best orthodontic treatment plan. The purpose of this study was to compare the duration of adolescent growth peak in ...

    Authors: Mohammad H. Naderi, Mina Biria, Soheil Shahbazi, Sina Kousha, Kazem Dalaie and Mohammad Behnaz
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:25
  19. To compare a new “guide for borderline orthodontic need” (GBON) with the “aesthetic component” (AC) of the IOTN in assessing borderline cases (dental health component DHC 3), and to compare reliability and opi...

    Authors: Ariane Sampson, Neha Passan, Huw G. Jeremiah and Robert Kirschen
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:24
  20. Emoji are pictograms frequently used in social networks capable of expressing emotions. These tools can provide insights into people's behavior that could not be obtained with the use of textual communication. Re...

    Authors: Guido Artemio Marañón-Vásquez, Lucianne Cople Maia, Luísa Schubach da Costa Barreto, Mariana Farias da Cruz, Lucas Alves Jural, Mônica Tirre de Souza Araújo and Matheus Melo Pithon
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:28
  21. This study aimed to evaluate the displacement and stress distribution of mandibular dentition by various positions of the Class II elastics during en-masse retraction in clear aligner therapy.

    Authors: Qiuyu Wang, Danni Dai, Jianrong Wang, Yanfang Chen and Chao Zhang
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:23
  22. The purpose of the present in vivo study was to compare the accuracy, in terms of trueness, between full-arch digital impressions of different intraoral scanning systems, using as a reference the ideality of t...

    Authors: Federica Pellitteri, Paolo Albertini, Angelica Vogrig, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Giuseppe Siciliani and Luca Lombardo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:21
  23. Fluoride has a major role in strengthening the structure of enamel against acids. Despite differences between caries and root resorption processes, both events inherently involve acidic dissolution of dental t...

    Authors: Chelsea Mann, Lam L. Cheng, Sarbin Ranjitkar, Selma T. Elekdag-Turk, Tamer Turk and M. Ali Darendeliler
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:20
  24. The stability of the transverse expansion in passive self-ligating bracket treatments is a debated topic in orthodontics. However, to date, only 3 reports are available in the literature, with the maximum foll...

    Authors: Franz Josef Willeit, Francesca Cremonini, Paul Willeit, Fabio Ramina, Marta Cappelletti, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato and Luca Lombardo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:19

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:34

  25. Several semi-automatic software are available for the three-dimensional reconstruction of the airway from DICOM files. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the segmentation of the upper airway...

    Authors: Antonino Lo Giudice, Vincenzo Ronsivalle, Giorgio Gastaldi and Rosalia Leonardi
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:22
  26. The use of palatal miniscrew offers the possibility to improve the effectiveness of orthodontic expansion devices. Palatal expanders supported by miniscrew can be applied with different clinical protocols. Som...

    Authors: Riccardo Nucera, Elia Ciancio, Giuliano Maino, Serena Barbera, Emanuela Imbesi and Angela Mirea Bellocchio
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:18
  27. To compare the fluorescent properties of 6 different orthodontic adhesives and provide useful information for clinicians in the adhesion choice, in order to remove it easily at the end of orthodontic treatment...

    Authors: Paolo Albertini, Rosita Tauro, Lorenza Barbara, Enrico Albertini and Luca Lombardo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:16
  28. This study aimed to assess the distribution of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) by tooth type, investigate the prevalence of NCCLs in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment, and identify the possible as...

    Authors: Rafaella Rodrigues Gomes, Livia Fávaro Zeola, Tiago Augusto Quirino Barbosa, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes Neto, Guilherme de Araujo Almeida and Paulo Vinícius Soares
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:17
  29. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of deep learning-based integrated tooth models (ITMs) by merging intraoral scans and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for three-dimensional (3D) evaluation o...

    Authors: Suk-Cheol Lee, Hyeon-Shik Hwang and Kyungmin Clara Lee
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:15
  30. To produce a guide for dentists and orthodontists to determine orthodontic treatment need in borderline cases (dental health component DHC 3) and to compare views of different panels of judges on treatment need.

    Authors: Ariane Sampson, Huw G. Jeremiah, Nicholas N. Lai and Robert Kirschen
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:13
  31. Since their introduction in orthodontics, clear aligners have been appreciated by patients, including adults, for their comfort and low aesthetic impact. Despite the enormous mobilization of financial resource...

    Authors: G. Bilello, M. Fazio, E. Amato, L. Crivello, A. Galvano and G. Currò
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:12
  32. Mini-screws are widely used as temporary anchorages in orthodontic treatment, but have the disadvantage of showing a high failure rate of about 10%. Therefore, orthodontic mini-screws should have high biocompa...

    Authors: Changkyun Im, Je-Hyeok Park, Young-Mi Jeon, Jong-Ghee Kim, Yong-Seok Jang, Min-Ho Lee, Woo-Yong Jeon, Jun-Min Kim and Tae-Sung Bae
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:11
  33. White spot lesion (WSL) is the most common consequence during and after orthodontic treatment. This study was conducted to investigate the ability of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)...

    Authors: Neven S. Aref and Maha Kh. Alrasheed
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:10
  34. To investigate the accuracy of three different 3D digital model registration software for tip, torque and rotation measurements, with reference to a 3D digital virtual setup. Twenty maxillary and mandibular pr...

    Authors: Samar M. Adel, Nikhilesh R. Vaid, Nadia El-Harouni, Hassan Kassem and Abbas R. Zaher
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:8
  35. To evaluate the correspondence between the interproximal reduction (IPR) performed clinically and that programmed in ClinCheck® and further assess which teeth showed an amount of implemented IPR (I-IPR) that c...

    Authors: Amirtha Hariharan, Sarah Abu Arqub, Vaibhav Gandhi, Lucas Da Cunha Godoy, Chia-Ling Kuo and Flavio Uribe
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:9
  36. Orthodontic treatment procedures like separator placement, archwire placement, orthodontic force application, miniscrew placement and debonding procedure usually involve pain and discomfort. Pain perception an...

    Authors: Sanjay Prasad Gupta, Shristi Rauniyar, Pravin Prasad and Pranil Man Singh Pradhan
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:7
  37. Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology is an emerging manufacturing process for many orthodontic appliances, and the aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties of resin-based materials as ...

    Authors: Spyridon N. Papageorgiou, Georgios Polychronis, Nearchos Panayi, Spiros Zinelis and Theodore Eliades
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:6
  38. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to critically appraise the available evidence of the effectiveness of early intervention of functional unilateral posterior crossbites (FPXB) between the ages of ...

    Authors: Danya Hassan Alsawaf, Salam Ghazwan Almaasarani, Mohammad Y. Hajeer and Nada Rajeh
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:5
  39. Transverse maxillary deficiency is a high prevalent growth disorder within the adult population that may lead to serious health issues, such as detrimental malocclusions and higher risk of developing obstructi...

    Authors: Daniel Paludo Brunetto, Christoph E. Moschik, Ramon Dominguez-Mompell, Eliza Jaria, Eduardo Franzotti Sant’Anna and Won Moon
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:3
  40. Smile esthetics has a strong influence on perception, attractiveness, and personal characteristics. It is unknown how malocclusions may influence the appearance of the individual's smile. This study aimed to i...

    Authors: Gil Guilherme Gasparello, Sergio Luiz Mota Júnior, Giovani Ceron Hartmann, Thiago Martins Meira, Elisa Souza Camargo, Matheus Melo Pithon and Orlando Tanaka
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:4
  41. Bruxism is defined as repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by the grinding and clenching of teeth. The prevalence of bruxism in children is extensive, and it can cause irregularities in dental arches. ...

    Authors: Ebru Hazar Bodrumlu, Fethiye Çakmak Özlü, Hakan Yılmaz and Levent Demiriz
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:2
  42. Constricted maxillary bone is a common skeletal deformity, which may lead to crowding and posterior crossbite. Mid-palatal suture expansion is often used to increase the maxillary width, but its skeletal effec...

    Authors: Mengting Xu, Yuan Li, Xiaoxia Feng, Wei Zheng, Zhihe Zhao and Yu Li
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2022 23:1
  43. To evaluate the long-term outcomes of Class II treatment with the Jasper Jumper appliance and comprehensive orthodontic treatment concerning inclination of the mandibular incisors and gingival recession.

    Authors: Wilana Moura, José Fernanado C. Henriques, Caroline M. Gambardela-Tkacz, Paula Cotrin, Daniela Garib and Guilherme Janson
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2021 22:45
  44. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term oropharyngeal airway volumetric changes in growing Class III maxillary-deficient patients treated by facemask without expansion compared with untreated Class III con...

    Authors: Amr H. Husson, Ahmad S. Burhan, Mohammad Y. Hajeer and Fehmieh R. Nawaya
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2021 22:50
  45. To detect the optimal timing of intervention based on different cervical vertebral maturation stage (CS1-2 vs. CS3-4) for the treatment of Class III malocclusion with early Class III protocol.

    Authors: Ludovica Nucci, Caterina Costanzo, Marco Carfora, Fabrizia d’Apuzzo, Lorenzo Franchi and Letizia Perillo
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2021 22:49
  46. Understanding the issues concerning the conducting of virtual orthodontic learning sessions (VOLSs) is essential. This study aims to identify attendees- and host-related aspects that could optimise learning an...

    Authors: Samer Mheissen, Mohammed Almuzian, Mark B. Wertheimer and Haris Khan
    Citation: Progress in Orthodontics 2021 22:47

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