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Table 4 Means and standard deviations of cephalometric changes after orthodontic treatment (T0-T2)

From: Skeletal versus conventional intraoral anchorage for the treatment of class II malocclusion: dentoalveolar and skeletal effects

  MGBM Pendulum pValue
Mean SD Mean SD  
Esthetical changes (mm)  
UL-E plane −2.5 0.35 −2.09 1.7 0.339
LL-E plane −2.4 1.12 −1.37 1.6 0.142
Vertical skeletal changes (°)  
SN^PP 1.7 1.22 0.66 1.8 0.190
SN^OL −0.2 3.06 −0.06 2.8 0.526
FMA −0.5 1.58 0.61 2.0 0.249
Go-Me^PP 0.5 2.51 0.41 2.5 0.479
ANS-Xi-Pm −0.1 1.78 1.02 1.7 0.178
Ba-Na^Pt-Gn 1.5 1.23 0.09 3.0 0.343
Vertical skeletal changes (mm)  
ANS-Me 3.2 3.21 4.15 2.6 0.198
Sagittal skeletal changes (°)  
SNA −0.2 1.8 −1.0 2.2 0.176
SNB −1.2 1.0 −0.4 1.7 0.526
ANB 0.0 1.5 −0.5 1.3 0.248
FH^NPg 1.7 2.1 0.6 1.6 0.354
Sagittal skeletal changes (mm)  
PTV-A 2.5 2.1 0.6 2.5 0.021*
A-OLp 1.2 1.9 1.1 2.3 0.372
PTV-B 3.1 2.3 1.6 2.8 0.191
B-OLp 1.1 2.4 2.4 2.6 0.254
Pg-OLp 2.4 2.8 4.1 3.5 0.543
Co-OLp 0.9 2.1 0.2 1.8 0.469
Pg-OLp + Co-OLp (mandibular length) 2.9 2.8 4.3 3.9 0.357
Dental angular changes (°)  
SN^1.1 axis (central superior incisor) −3.3 6.7 −0.3 7.3 0.354
PP^1.1 axis(central superior incisor) −0.7 6.8 2.3 10.3 0.479
SN^1.4 axis (first superior premolar) 1.2 5.0 −2.8 7.9 0.198
SN^1.6 axis (first superior molar) 1.3 4.9 −0.3 6.2 0.276
PP^1.6 axis (first superior molar) 3.2 5.7 0.5 6.8 -
SN^1.7 axis (second superior molar) 0.6 9.0 4.4 10.0 0.456
PP^1.7 axis (second superior molar) 2.5 5.9 8.4 9.5 0.321
SN^1.8 axis (third superior molar) 2.3 10.9 3.5 18.3 0.523
Sagittal dental variations (mm)  
OLp-is −0.1 2.9 0.9 3.1 0.365
PTV-11 CEJ 4.2 3.3 1.1 3.3 0.041*
OLp-ii 1.8 2.6 2.9 3.7 0.236
Difference OLp-is - OLp-Ii (overjet) −2.0 1.2 −2.5 2.4 0.527
PTV-1.4 centroid 0.8 2.4 1.4 3.3 0.376
OLp-ms −1.0 3.0 1.8 2.1 0.008**
PTV-1.6 CEJ −0.5 2.7 1.4 2.9 0.842
PTV-1.6 centroid 0.5 4.5 2.0 4.3 0.642
PTV-1.7 CEJ −0.5 1.9 0.3 2.3 0.254
PTV-1.7 centroid 0.4 2.5 1.1 2.7 0.415
PTV-1.8 centroid 1.3 2.6 −0.1 1.7 0.451
OLp-mi 2.7 2.6 4.8 3.2 0.721
PTV-4.6 CEJ 4.7 2.8 4.6 3.2 0.823
OLp-ms - OLp-mi (molar relationship) −3.9 2.4 −2.9 2.0 0.421
Vertical dental changes (mm)  
PP-is −0.8 1.9 1.4 1.7 0.007**
PP-1.4 centroid 0.6 2.3 1.3 1.6 0.634
PP-1.6 centroid −0.4 2.1 2.1 1.8 0.009**
PP-1.7 centroid 3.8 4.7 4.1 3.8 0.376
PP-1.8 centroid 1.9 3.5 3.9 3.1 0.243
PM-4.6 centroid 4.7 2.6 2.9 1.6 0.215
  1. * Implies significance at p< 0.05, ** Implies significance at p< 0.01, *** Implies significance at p< 0.01.