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Table 6 Comparison of males between average and vertical facial growth pattern (comparison of groups 1 and 5)

From: Smile analysis in different facial patterns and its correlation with underlying hard tissues

Parameter Average (n = 25) Vertical (n = 25) Difference t value p value Significance
U1 EXP. 8.65 ± 1.04 10.42 ± 1.28 1.77 5.36 0.000 S***
LL-U1 0.80 ± 0.97 1.82 ± 2.02 1.02 2.28 0.027 S*
IL GAP 9.71 ± 1.64 12.94 ± 2.79 3.24 4.99 0.000 S***
IC WIDTH 40.29 ± 2.39 39.80 ± 1.85 0.48 0.79 0.431 NS
TW 53.43 ± 3.88 54.52 ± 4.21 1.10 0.96 0.342 NS
SW 67.39 ± 4.63 65.31 ± 5.23 2.08 1.49 0.143 NS
SI 7.16 ± 1.50 5.49 ± 1.97 1.66 3.36 0.002 S**
BC_L 13.90 ± 1.54 12.72 ± 2.38 1.17 2.07 0.044 S*
BC_R 13.66 ± 2.29 12.39 ± 2.17 1.26 2.01 0.049 S*
PC_L 7.60 ± 2.38 5.51 ± 1.62 2.08 3.61 0.001 S**
PC_R 6.82 ± 2.15 5.18 ± 1.70 1.63 2.97 0.005 S**
BC RATIO 0.60 ± 0.052 0.77 ± 0.81 0.175 1.07 0.291 NS
PC RATIO 0.795 ± 0.067 1.24 ± 2.05 0.452 1.10 0.276 NS
U VERT 5.98 ± 1.27 6.81 ± 1.47 0.83 2.14 0.037 S*
L VERT 11.20 ± 1.03 11.23 ± 1.58 0.036 0.95 0.925 NS
  1. NS p > 0.05: insignificant
  2. * p < 0.05, significant at 5 % significance level; ** p < 0.01, significant at 1 % significance level; *** p < 0.001, highly significant