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Table 3 Mean (in cN) and standard deviation (SD) of 0.014-in. conventional NiTi wires in the bracket systems (n = 10)

From: Force level of small diameter nickel-titanium orthodontic wires ligated with different methods

Elastic deflection Damon Bioquick EL ML p
Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.)
0.5 mm 24.45 (3.84)
BC
22.57 (6.74)
B
3.36 (1.64)
A
33.36 (12.80)
C
0.000*
1 mm 70.06 (8.19)
A
54.62 (6.12)
A
69.52 (41.57)
A
118.26 (25.26)
B
0.000*
2 mm 196.92 (7.79)
B
167.14 (6.30)
A
190.65 (6.36)
B
214.84 (7.43)
C
0.000*
3 mm 235.42 (8.89)
B
224.33 (5.62)
A
277.70 (9.84)
C
274.84 (6.47)
C
0.000*
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05