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Table 4 Cephalometric measurements extracted from selected articles

From: Stability of anterior open bite treatment with molar intrusion using skeletal anchorage: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Article Outcome Average pre-treatment Mean after treatment Difference of averages Follow-up after 1 year (%) Follow-up ≥ 2 years (%) Follow-up ≥ 3 years (%)
Scheffler et al./2014 [18] Go-Gn/Sn
Overbite
LAFH
U6-PP
L6-Go-Gn
L1-MP
U1-PP
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
− 1.2 (1.0)
2.2 (1.6)
− 1.6 (2.2)
− 2.3 (1.4)
0.6 (1.6)
NR
0.1 (3.8)
0.0 (0.9)
− 0.3 (0.8)
− 0.2 (1.4)
0.5 (1.1)
− 0.6 (1.3)
NR
− 0.3 (1.0)






0.0 (0.8)
− 0.4 (1.1)
− 0.3 (1.4)
0.5 (1.2)
− 0.3 (1.3)
NR
− 0.3 (1.2)






NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR






Baek et al./2010 [15] SN-Go Me
Overbite
AFH
U6-PP
L1-MP
U1-PP
45.44 (4.11)
− 3.91 (1.65)
133.95 (5.55)
26.88 (1.12)
43.58 (2.46)
31.50 (2.67)
43.41 (4.41)
1.65 (0.82)
131.41 (6.10)
24.50 (1.64)
45.17 (2.78)
32.56 (2.12)
− 2.03 (1.59)
5.56 (1.94)
− 2.53 (1.90)
− 2.39 (1.76)
1.59 (2.10)
1.05 (1.40)
43.68 (4.88)
0.66 (0.79) *
131.86 (5.54)
24.89 (1.69) *
44.90 (2.58)
32.49 (1.91)
(13%)
(17%)
(16%)
(16%)
(17%)
(6%)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR



43.98 (4.76)
0.45 (1.09) *
132.32 (5.87)
24.94 (1.68) *
45.12 (2.57)
32.83 (2.15)
(28%)
(21%)
(35%)
(18%)
(3%)
(26%)
Sugawara et al./2002 [14] MP/FH
Overbite
LAFH
L6-MP
U6-PP
L1-MP
U1-PP
33.1 (2.1)
− 2.8 (1.68)
76.1 (5.8)
35.7 (4.1)
34.0 (3.0)
44.5 (3.9)
29.8 (3.1)
31.7 (2.4)
2.1 (0.8)
74.6 (6.0)
33.9 (4.1)
25.0 (2.8)
45.8 (4.1)
30.9 (3.3)
− 1.3 (NR)
4.9 (NR)
− 1.5 (NR)
− 1.8 (NR)
1.0 (NR)
1.3 (NR)
1.1 (NR)
32.2 (3.0)*
1.2 (0.8)*
75.2 (5.8)*
34.2 (4.4)*
25.1 (2.5)*
45.3 (4.3)
30.7 (3.1)
(38%)
(18%)
(40%)
(16%)
(10%)
(38%)
(18%)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR






NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR






Deguchi et al./2011 [19] Overbite
MP/SN
U6-PP
L6-MP
LAFH
L1-MP
U1-PP
− 4.4 (1.2)
45.8 (6.0)
26.9 (3.0)
36.0 (2.5)
74.7 (5.9)
46.3 (3.4)
32.4 (2.3)
1.8 (1.1)
42.2 (6.7)
24.6 (2.5)
35.2 (1.9)
72.2 (5.1)
46.6 (2.8)
33.4 (2.3)
6.2 (1.7)
− 3.6 (2.1)
− 2.3 (1.3)
− 0.8 (1.3)
− 2.6 (2.5)
0.3 (2.3)
1.0 (1.6)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR






1.0 (0.9)*
43.8 (6.5)*
25.1 (2.8)*
37.0 (1.9)*
72.2 (5.1)*
46.3 (3.1)
33.4 (2.3)
(12%)
(44%)
(21%)
(225%)
(0%)
(100%)
(0%)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR






Marzouk et al./2015 [20] Overbite
N-S-Gn
U6-pp
L6-MP
L1-MP
U1-PP
− 4.75 (2.27)
77.09 (3.01)
28.27 (2.55)
34.43 (1.27)
44.05 (2.79)
NR
2.18 (0.48)
74.68 (2.67)
25.23 (2.14)
34.86 (1.35)
45.62 (2.82)
NR
6.93 (1.99)
− 2.23 (0.37)
− 3.04 (0.79)
0.43 (0.53)
1.57 (0.07)
NR
1.61 (0.42)
75.39 (2.83)*
25.54 (2.17)*
34.57 (1.13)
45.32 (2.80)
NR
(8%)
(31%)
(10%)
(67%)
(19%)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR





1.41 (0.39)
75.69 (2.89)
25.64 (2.17)
34.29 (1.38)
45.56 (2.82)
NR
(11%)
(45%)
(13%)
(132%)
(4%)
NR
Lee et. al/2008 [21] MeGo/SN
Overbite
AFH
U6-PP
L1-MP
U1-PP
44.9 (1.7)
− 3.7 (1.7)
133.4 (5.4)
26.7 (1.2)
NR
31.30 (2.46)
42.9 (4.5)
1.7 (0.7)
130.8 (5.7)
24.5 (1.7)
NR
32.30 (1.94)
3.9 (− 2.0)
5.4 (1.8)
− 2.6 (1.9)
− 2.2 (1.7)
NR
1 (1.21)
43.0 (4.8)*
0.7 (0.7)*
131.1 (5.4)*
24.7 (1.6)*
NR
32.25 (1.88)
(2.5%)
(18%)
(11%)
(9%)
NR
(5%)
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR





NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR





  1. NR not reported
  2. *p < 0.05
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