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Table 2 QoL of patients treated with vestibular, lingual, and aligner appliances

From: The effect of vestibular, lingual, and aligner appliances on the quality of life of adult patients during the initial stages of orthodontic treatment

  Vestibular Lingual Aligner V-L V-A L-A
n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD P signif.
Physical health (D1) 41 22.7 2.0 37 22 1.9 39 28.1 2.1 NS < 0.001 < 0.001
Psychological health (D2) 15.2 1.9 18.4 2.2 23.2 2.0 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Social relationships (D3) 7.8 1.4 10.2 1.2 10.9 1.5 < 0.001 < 0.001 NS
Environment (D4) 26.4 1.9 29.3 2.0 32.1 2.1 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Overall 18 1.1 20.8 1.1 23.1 1 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005
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