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Table 8 Comparison of orthodontic patients’ level of confidence in resuming treatment during the pandemic between normal and mental distress groups by the Kessler scale using two-sided Mann-Whitney U tests. P < 0.05*

From: Patients’ perceptions of orthodontic treatment experiences during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study

Questions related to the level of confidence in resuming treatment in the pandemic Normal: K10 total ≤ 19 (n = 106) Mental Distress: K10 total > 19 (n = 15) P-Value
Mean ± SD Median (25%, 75%) Mean ± SD Median (25%, 75%)
I am confident in resuming my orthodontic treatment and finishing it while at the pandemic 4.61 ± 0.88 5.00 (5.00, 5.00) 4.44 ± 0.62 4.50 (4.00, 5.00) 0.038*
I trust my orthodontist to deliver the same standard of care during the pandemic 4.61 ± 0.83 5.00 (4.50, 5.00 4.56 ± 0.70 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 0.468
I have maintained the same standards of oral hygiene as instructed by my provider during the pandemic 4.56 ± 0.79 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 4.39 ± 0.92 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 0.449
I have maintained the post-operative instructions and took care of my appliance during the pandemic 4.35 ± 0.93 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 4.67 ± 0.49 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 0.225
It is necessary for an orthodontist to follow up on their patients during the pandemic or any similar emergencies 4.08 ± 0.88 4.00 (4.00, 5.00) 4.44 ± 0.70 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 0.086
Do you feel it is safe to see your orthodontist for full adjustment appointment during the pandemic? 4.26 ± 0.81 4.00 (4.00, 5.00) 3.89 ± 0.83 4.00 (3.25, 4.00) 0.056
I like to postpone my treatment until the pandemic is over (negative correlated; coding reversed) 4.27 ± 0.85 4.00 (4.00, 5.00) 3.83 ± 1.04 4.00 (3.00, 5.00) 0.071
I would like to discontinue my treatment and remove my braces because of the pandemic (negative correlated; coding reversed) 4.44 ± 0.95 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 4.11 ± 1.13 5.00 (3.00, 5.00) 0.267
I agree with the idea of reducing the number of visits to an orthodontic clinic during the pandemic (negative correlated; coding reversed) 2.95 ± 1.08 3.00 (2.00, 4.00) 2.94 ± 1.30 3.00 (2.25, 4.00) 1.000
It is difficult to interact and communicate with my orthodontist while at the clinic during the pandemic (negative correlated; coding reversed) 4.07 ± 0.84 4.00 (4.00, 5.00) 3.41 ± 1.00 4.00 (2.00, 4.00) 0.004*
I am pleased with the way my appointment was handled during the pandemic. 4.43 ± 0.86 5.00 (4.00, 5.00) 4.11 ± 0.90 4.00 (4.00, 5.00) 0.081
Total score 46.78 ± 4.68 47.00 (45.00, 50.00) 44.41 ± 4.85 44.00 (42.00, 48.00) 0.035*